There are only two widely used "New World" spices, Allspice and Vanilla.
Allspice are the berries of a tree found in tropical America primarily Jamaica.
Vanilla is derived from the dried fermented bean pod of an orchid plant. It is the only edible fruit of an orchid.
For many years Colonial Imperialist Nations unsuccessfully tried to grow vanilla beans in their old world colonies.
The pollinating insect (Mexican Bee) and hummingbirds were not present in the old world plantations so the vanilla pods could not be created.
Hand pollination was finally perfected by a former slave on the French Island of Reunion in 1841.
Vanilla beans were successfully raised breaking the new world monopoly.