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dosseman_syria | profile | all galleries >> Apamea pictures - Afamia pictures - أفاميا tree view | thumbnails | slideshow | map

In Box | Ain Dara - Syria - a mound with Neo-Hittite temple | Aleppo (حلب) citadel pictures | Aleppo (حلب) Great Mosque pictures | Aleppo (حلب) pictures | Aleppo - Syria - Eastern half | Amrit pictures - صور حديثة | Arwad pictures (أرواد‎) - a Phoenician settlement | Apamea pictures - Afamia pictures - أفاميا | Baniyas pictures - بانياس | Bosra pictures بصرى‎ | Damascus pictures - Citadel and some old town - دمشق | Damascus - دمشق - West and northwest of the citadel | Damascus - دمشق - from Hijaz going east | Damascus pictures - Azem Palace or Beit al-Azem - قصر العظم | دمشق‎ Damascus pictures - Khans in the Old City | Damascus National Museum pictures | دمشق‎ Damascus pictures near Sinan Pasha mosque | دمشق‎ Damascus - Christian district and some more | دمشق‎ Damascus - from Sinan Pasha Mosque to Midan | دمشق‎ Damascus Salihiye | دمشق‎ Damascus - To the North of the Souqs | دمشق‎ Damascus souk pictures | Damascus Suq al-Hamidiye - سوق الحميدية | Damascus - Tekkiye Suleymaniye pictures | Damascus - Umayyad or Great Mosque | Dead cities from Hama | Dead cities near St. Simon church | Deir Ez_Zur pictures - ܕܝܪܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ | Deir Semaan - Syria - Monasteries for pilgims to St. Simeon | Hama pictures - حماة‎ | Hama (حماة‎ ) pictures: Festival on day after Ramadan | Hims pictures - Homs pictures - حمص | Jeble - Syria - ancient harbour town with Roman theatre | Latakia pictures - اللَاذِقِيَّة | Mushabbak church - Syria - perfectly preserved 5th century church | Palmyra pictures - تدمر | Palmyra - Bel temple - تدمر | Qalaat al-Husn - Krak des Chevaliers - قلعة الحصن | Qalaat Marqab - Marqab castle pictures قلعة المرقب | Qalaat Saladin or Sahyun - Saladins Castle - Château de Saône | Safita pictures (صا فيتا‎) | Simeon Stylites church pictures | Tartus (طرطوس‎) pictures - Tartous pictures | Ugarit pictures - أوغاريت | Roman theatres in Syria grouped together

Apamea pictures - Afamia pictures - أفاميا

Apamea is known in Syria as Afamia, أفاميا. It lies near a main road leading North from Hama on to Aleppo. The citadel you pass on your way there is named Qal’at Al-Mudiq, you will see the citadel on some of my pictures. The classical site is huge, in a guide I read it is the largest in Syria. It once had a circumference of 16 kilometers, with 100 towers. It is obvious that only the central part of the old city has been excavated, but that includes a partly restored colonnaded street which is most impressive. For much of the walk you tread the ancient Roman road, with on either hand lots of still standing (or re-erected) columns. Many of the finds during the excavations, that were started by Belgian excavators in 1930, were in a Brussels’ museum when that was bombed during WW II, which led to the loss of most of them. This is a curious parallel to more ancient finds, copies of which are in the Aleppo museum, that were transferred to Berlin and then bombed out of existence also.

The town dates back to the Bronze Age, reached a peak under Seleucus Nicador, born 358/354 BC, Europus, Macedonia, died August/September 281, near Lysimachia, Thrace. He was a Macedonian army officer, founder of the Seleucid kingdom. In the struggles following the death of Alexander the Great, he rose from governor of Babylon to king of an empire centring on Syria and Iran (from the Enc. Britt.). He named the town after his wife from Bactria. Note the Bradt Guide on Syria mentions 3000 BC as a founding date, which is wrong. It does mention the town was famous for the taming of elephants, a skill brought from India. When peace broke out in 162 BC (during some war, I don’t much care) they were all slaughtered. The city once held 500.000 inhabitants, though 380.000 were thought to be slaves.

I show mainly pictures of the long, long but not a moment boring walk along the colonnaded road, with some side visits to bath houses and temples (which I will identify later as a I add captions). Some pictures at the beginning and end of the series show what I saw getting there and away.
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