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Tomasz Dziubinski - Photography | all galleries >> MOROCCO 2010 & 2011 >> MOROCCO - ARCHITECTURE, INTERIORS & PLACES > Volubilis Archaeological Site
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Volubilis Archaeological Site
©2011 Tomasz Dziubinski

Volubilis Archaeological Site

Volubilis, Morocco

Volubilis is an archaeological site in Morocco situated near Meknes between Fez and Rabat along the N13 road. The nearest town is Moulay Idriss. Volubilis features the best preserved Roman ruins in this part of northern Africa.
In 1997 the site was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

In antiquity, Volubilis was an important Roman town situated near the westernmost border of Roman conquests. It was built on the site of a previous Carthaginian settlement from (at the latest) the third century BC, but that settlement overlies an earlier neolithic habitation.

Volubilis was the administrative center of the province in Roman Africa called Mauretania Tingitana. The fertile lands of the province produced many commodities such as grain and olive oil, which were exported to Rome, contributing to the province's wealth and prosperity. Archaeology has documented the presence of a Jewish community in the Roman period.

The Romans evacuated most of Morocco at the end of the 3rd century AD, but unlike some other Roman cities, Volubilis was not abandoned. However, it appears to have been destroyed by an earthquake in the late fourth century AD. It was reoccupied in the sixth century, when a small group of tombstones written in Latin shows the existence of a community that still dated its foundation by the year of the Roman province. Coins show that it was occupied under the Abbasids: a number of these simply bear the name Walila. Walili comes from the Berber language alili which means a plant widely found in this region. Awraba was a Berber tribe that settled there. Volubillis was a second capital of the king Juba II who was the son of the Berber king Juba I.

The texts referring to the arrival of Idris I in 788 show that the town was at that point in the control of the Awraba tribe, who welcomed the descendant of Ali, and declared him imam shortly thereafter. Within three years he had consolidated his hold on much of the area, founded the first settlement at Fez, and started minting coins. He died in 791, leaving a pregnant Awraba wife, Kenza, and his faithful slave, Rashid, who acted as regent until the majority of Idris II. At this point the court departed for Fez, leaving the Awraba in control of the town.

The local Latin language survived for centuries, and was not replaced before the Arabs conquered North Africa in the late 7th century.

People continued to live in Volubilis for more than 1,000 years more. Volubilis was first abandoned in the 18th century - when it was demolished in order to provide for building materials for the construction of the palaces of Moulay Ismail in nearby Meknes. If that destruction had not occurred, Volubilis could have become one of the best preserved Roman sites anywhere. Volubilis' structures were damaged by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, while in the 18th century part of the marble was taken for constructions in nearby Meknes.

In 1915, archaeological excavation was begun there by the French and it continued through into the 1920s. Extensive remains of the Roman town have been uncovered. From 2000 excavations carried out by University College London and the Moroccan Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine under the direction of Elizabeth Fentress, Gaetano Palumbo and Hassan Limane revealed what should probably be interpreted as the headquarters of Idris I just below the walls of the Roman town to the west. Excavations within the walls also revealed a section of the early medieval town. Today, a high percentage of artifacts found at Volubilis are on display in the Rabat Archaeological Museum.

Nikon D3 ,Carl Zeiss Distagon T* 2.8/25 ZF
1/320s f/8.0 at 25.0mm iso200 full exif

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Hodero25-Jan-2012 19:02
Great one!...HD?
V
veraferia18-Jan-2012 13:11
Scenery well composed . The sky embellishes the image.
Cindi Smith17-Jan-2012 22:57
What a cool place! :)
regi olbrechts17-Jan-2012 21:18
Nice neat shot.
Elmer Quianio17-Jan-2012 21:04
Wow...Excellent composition !
woody3417-Jan-2012 20:33
Wonderful image ,amazing detail and colour.
Betty Vlasiu17-Jan-2012 20:01
Amazing catch with amazing details!
Enny17-Jan-2012 19:49
fabulous image Tomasz.
Apostolos Tikopoulos17-Jan-2012 19:35
Fantastic composition and light. v.
Nestor17-Jan-2012 17:09
Very nice scene of this Archaeological Site, you image is pin sharp with great light .
A first class photo.
I will have to show this one to my Archaeologist friend when I get the chance.
Vote
Maryvonne Q.17-Jan-2012 16:52
Well done.
J. Scott Coile17-Jan-2012 16:24
Wonderful.
Marcia Colelli17-Jan-2012 16:15
Beautiful exposure and details. Nice composition V
Santi Bravo Figueras17-Jan-2012 16:11
What a wonderful work!
Patricia Kay17-Jan-2012 16:09
Stunning image with fabulous light and great details Tomasz...BV
Walter O. Koenig17-Jan-2012 15:51
Great shot with this clarity and colors. What a fascinating location. "V"
soulis17-Jan-2012 14:56
Very beautiful work. V.
Barbara Read and Fred Schaad17-Jan-2012 14:41
Amazing detail!
Jim Coffman17-Jan-2012 14:05
Simply fantastic!
Graeme17-Jan-2012 13:22
A beautiful scene of this ruin with the beautiful sky as a backdrop. I can count each & every stone, its that sharp. Well done, Tomasz.BV
Sofia Solomennikova17-Jan-2012 12:26
Great one!!! Excellent HDR! V
Stephanie17-Jan-2012 12:24
Wow!!! Amazing lighting and architecture Tomasz! V
burtmann17-Jan-2012 12:04
Simply great in every way! V
Kinga Chwalkowska Zadlak17-Jan-2012 11:04
Fantastic image!!! ~BV~
Frank Kavanagh Photography17-Jan-2012 10:04
Beautiful shot.
Love the detail and colour.V.
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