Longwood, also known as Nutt's Folly, is an historic antebellum octagonal mansion located at 140 Lower Woodville Road in Natchez, Mississippi, USA. The mansion is on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, and is a National Historic Landmark.Longwood is the largest octagonal house in the United States.
The mansion is known for its octagonal plan, byzantine onion-shaped dome, and the contrast between its ornately finished first floor and the unfinished upper floors.
Samuel Sloan, a Philadelphia architect, designed the home in 1859 for cotton planter Dr. Haller Nutt. Work was halted in 1861 at the start of the American Civil War. Dr Haller died of pneumonia in 1864, leaving the work incomplete. Of the thirty-two rooms planned for the house, only nine rooms on the basement floor were completed.
Haller Nutt's never-finished Natchez home, Longwood, was the last burst of southern opulence before war brought the cotton barons' dominance to an end. Longwood, fortunately, survived decades of neglect and near-abandonment to become one of Natchez's most popular attractions
Longwood's Unfinished Floors
The unfinished top 4 floors of Longwood. This shot is taken from the main floor and goes to the observatory on the top floor. Long wood was originally supposed to have a main observatory on the top floor which would allow light to be directed down through all the floor with mirrors and directed through skylights in the basement.
Monmouth Plantation was built in 1818 by Natchez postmaster John Hankinson. Hankinson died in 1825 of yellow fever. In 1826, Monmouth was purchased by John Anthony Quitman. Monmouth would remain in the Quitman family until 1919.
Monmouth currently operates as a Small Luxury Hotel of the World. It is open 365 days as a bed and breakfast. Daily house tours are available to house guests and walk ins. Their webpage is MonmouthPlantation.com
Monmouth was built in 1818. Its most prominent occupant was John A. Quitman, a Natchez lawyer, politician, planter, and slaveholder. He acquired the house in 1826 for his wife Eliza. Quitman, a northerner born in New York, lived his life in Natchez until his death in 1858. He was the father of eleven children. Quitman served in the U.S. Congress and was the Governor of Mississippi for one term in the 1850s; he was a victorious and much decorated General commanding volunteer American forces during the war with Mexico. Quitman is remembered, moreover, as one of Mississippi’s most vehement secessionists, or “fire-eaters”. Quitman owned approximately 400 slaves on four plantations in Louisiana and Mississippi. Along with the Quitman family, enslaved blacks lived and worked at Monmouth as well. They served as domestics, gardeners, and drivers. The relationship between the Quitman family and the enslaved workers of Monmouth, along with their descendants, spanned over six decades. Timeline 1799 John Quitman is born September 1, in Rhinebeck, New York.
Rear view of Arlington presently
Arlington as it was in 1934.
Arlington from the front as it stands today. Fire, vandals and neglect by the owner have led to the decay of this stately antebellum home.
Arlington Looking out-1.jpg