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dosseman_syria | profile | all galleries >> Damascus - Umayyad or Great Mosque tree view | thumbnails | slideshow | map

In Box | Ain Dara - Syria - a mound with Neo-Hittite temple | Aleppo (حلب) citadel pictures | Aleppo (حلب) Great Mosque pictures | Aleppo (حلب) pictures | Aleppo - Syria - Eastern half | Amrit pictures - صور حديثة | Arwad pictures (أرواد‎) - a Phoenician settlement | Apamea pictures - Afamia pictures - أفاميا | Baniyas pictures - بانياس | Bosra pictures بصرى‎ | Damascus pictures - Citadel and some old town - دمشق | Damascus - دمشق - West and northwest of the citadel | Damascus - دمشق - from Hijaz going east | Damascus pictures - Azem Palace or Beit al-Azem - قصر العظم | دمشق‎ Damascus pictures - Khans in the Old City | Damascus National Museum pictures | دمشق‎ Damascus pictures near Sinan Pasha mosque | دمشق‎ Damascus - Christian district and some more | دمشق‎ Damascus - from Sinan Pasha Mosque to Midan | دمشق‎ Damascus Salihiye | دمشق‎ Damascus - To the North of the Souqs | دمشق‎ Damascus souk pictures | Damascus Suq al-Hamidiye - سوق الحميدية | Damascus - Tekkiye Suleymaniye pictures | Damascus - Umayyad or Great Mosque | Dead cities from Hama | Dead cities near St. Simon church | Deir Ez_Zur pictures - ܕܝܪܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ | Deir Semaan - Syria - Monasteries for pilgims to St. Simeon | Hama pictures - حماة‎ | Hama (حماة‎ ) pictures: Festival on day after Ramadan | Hims pictures - Homs pictures - حمص | Jeble - Syria - ancient harbour town with Roman theatre | Latakia pictures - اللَاذِقِيَّة | Mushabbak church - Syria - perfectly preserved 5th century church | Palmyra pictures - تدمر | Palmyra - Bel temple - تدمر | Qalaat al-Husn - Krak des Chevaliers - قلعة الحصن | Qalaat Marqab - Marqab castle pictures قلعة المرقب | Qalaat Saladin or Sahyun - Saladins Castle - Château de Saône | Safita pictures (صا فيتا‎) | Simeon Stylites church pictures | Tartus (طرطوس‎) pictures - Tartous pictures | Ugarit pictures - أوغاريت | Roman theatres in Syria grouped together

Damascus - Umayyad or Great Mosque

From the Enc. Britt.: also called Umayyad Mosque, (جامع بني أمية الكبير) the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between AD 705 and 715 by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church of St. John the Baptist. Some Syrio-Roman fragments remain in the structure, as does a shrine supposedly enclosing a relic honoured by Muslims as well as Christians, the head of St. John the Baptist. The mosque occupies a huge quadrangle 515 by 330 feet (157 by 100 m) and contains a large open courtyard surrounded by an arcade of arches supported by slender columns. The liwan, or hall of worship, running the length of the south side of the mosque, is divided into three long aisles by rows of columns and arches. A transept with a central octagonal dome, originally wooden, cuts across the aisles at their midpoint. The marble grilles that cover the windows in the south wall are the earliest example of geometric interlace in Islāmic architecture. The walls of the mosque were once covered with more than an acre of mosaics depicting a fanciful landscape thought to be the Quʾrānic paradise, but only fragments survive. The mosque was destroyed by Timur in 1401, rebuilt by the Arabs, and damaged by fire in 1893. Although it could not be restored to its original splendour, the mosque is still an impressive architectural monument.

I have several Damascus galleries, organized as follows: Museum, Tekkiye, northwest, Citadel and near, north of souq. The old town is split up in: Umayyad mosque, Hamidiye souq, rest of souq, Azem Palace in souq, khans in souq, Christian area and some more, near Sinan Pasha. Further: Salihiye, to Midan, Hijaz and east.
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