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Dick Osseman | all galleries >> Istanbul pictures Start page >> Turkish and Islamic arts museum > Turkish and Islamic Museum 0884.jpg
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Turkish and Islamic Museum 0884.jpg
15-MAR-2006

Turkish and Islamic Museum 0884.jpg

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Part of a large tuğra of Sultan Osman the Third (1754-1757).

From Enc. Britt.: (tuğra) a kind of royal cipher based on the names and titles of the reigning sultan and worked into a very intricate and beautiful design. A distinctive tuğra was created for each sultan and affixed to imperial decrees by a skilled calligrapher, the neshanı.

I have been informed from several sides that an earlier attribution (Süleyman Pasha, 1756-1757) was wrong.

In addition: It is observed that great viziers, state viziers and seigniories used tuğra-like signatures (called ‘pençe’, which means ‘claw’) in official documents. ‘Pençe’ were written in Arabic letters on over-right, mid or down-side of the document depending on the importance of the subject person. They are seen at left side of the documents in Ottoman documents with western languages. As the difference, a ‘pençe’ include only one curve. Double curves could be only in tuğra.

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