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Dick Osseman | all galleries >> Gaziantep pictures - Turkey > Gaziantep 8337
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Gaziantep 8337
22-MAR-2004

Gaziantep 8337

The citadel is located on a spot where already in Justinian times a fortress was erected. However, the present citadel owns its existence to the Seljuks, who took the city in 1071-1098. The oldest finds on the site date to the chalcolithic period (3700-3500 BC).

Impressive, isn't it? However, in 1270 the Mongols did get into the city (and, I pressume, the citadel), destroying the city. Three years later the Mameluk sultan Baibars took it, leaving his emir Dulkadir to rule (the Mameluks had there centre of power in far-off Cairo). In 1516 Selim incorporated the city into the Ottoman empire. And between 1832 and 1840 the Egyptians were back for a short while. One wonders what's the use of a citadel to start with.

Nikon D70
1/1000s f/6.3 at 14.0mm hide exif
Full EXIF Info
Date/Time22-Mar-2004 10:18:35
MakeNikon
ModelNIKON D70
Flash UsedNo
Focal Length14 mm
Exposure Time1/1000 sec
Aperturef/6.3
ISO Equivalent
Exposure Bias
White Balance (-1)
Metering Modematrix (5)
JPEG Quality (6)
Exposure Programaperture priority (3)
Focus Distance

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