Landscape Photography from Roztocze Poland, and close areas
Roztocze (Ukrainian Розточчя) is the picturesque range of forest-covered hills with a myriad rivers and streams in east-central Poland and western Ukraine which rises from the Lublin Upland and extends southeastward across the border into Ukraine. Low and rolling, the range is approximately 180 km long and 14 km wide. It's highest peak within Poland is Wielki Dzial; at 390 meters, while in Ukraine it is Vysokyi Zamok (High Castle) at 409 m. In Poland Roztocze is situated in the Lubelskie and Podkarpackie voivodships. The cities and towns of the region include: Krasnik, Szczebrzeszyn, Zwierzyniec, Krasnobrod, Jozefow, Tomaszow Lubelski, Narol, Bilgoraj , Hrubieszow, Zamosc, Lubaczow, Janow Lubelski. In Ukraine Roztocze extends all the way to the outskirts of Lviv. Other cities and towns of the region include: Nemyriv, Zhovkva, Rava Ruska, Yavoriv. For the Ukrainian galleries please look at: https://pbase.com/jolka/western_ukraine
The richness of local nature and the beauty of Roztocze landscapes in Poland are reflected in the Roztoczanski National Park established in 1974, five landscape parks, and several nature reserves in the area, while another portion of the Roztocze range in Ukraine makes up The National Nature Park "Yavorivskyi".
Roztoczanski National Park lies in a diverse of Central Roztocze, in the Upper Wieprz river valley. The Park boasts unique tree formations. Vascular flora of the Park contains about 750 species and includes many mountainous (Manchurian monkshood, fir club-moss, Allium victoralis), north (twin-flower, Scheuchzeria palustris, shrubby birch), Pontian (Cimicifuga europaea) and Atlantic (long-leaved sundew, marsh club-moss) species. The Park's spruce are among the highest and biggest in Poland (up to 50 meters of height). There are about 400 so-called "nature monument" trees in the Park area. 21 forest associations have been distinguished as well as a number of plant associations of a lower rank. The most valuable are: highland fir forest and Carpathian beech forest which occupy over 45% of the afforested area. Fir trees reach here the largest size in Poland (50 m in height, 470 cm in circumference, and up to 20 cu. m. of timber volume). Among other associations, attention should be given also to: Potentillo albae-Quercetum, Tilio-Carpinetum, Circaeo-Alnetum, Ledo-Sphagnetum magellanici, Ribo nigri-Alnetum, and also various types of pine coniferous forests.
Also reminders of the prehistoric times - 18 mln years old dendrites of Taxodioxylon taxodii can be seen in a museum placed in Siedliska Tomaszowskie.
Among mammals living here are: elk, deer, boar, fox, common marten, wolf, beaver and badger. In 1982 Polish ponies were brought here. Small mammals are represented by protected species of insectivore: common shrew, lesser shrew, white-toothed shrew, and many species of bats, as well as common dormouse, fat dormouse, and forest dormouse. Also, there have been registered around 190 species of birds, including lesser spotted eagle, honey buzzard, black stork, numerous woodpeckers (including a rare white-backed woodpecker), red-breasted flycatcher, collared flycatcher, stock pigeon, siskin, an grey wagtail. Reptiles are represented by lizards (sand lizard, viviparous lizard, and slow-worm - often in its turquoise form), adder and grass snake as well as endangered European pond terrapin. Among amphibians, attention should be given to crested newt, tree frog, garlic toad, green toad, fire-bellied toad and marsh frog. Invertebrate fauna is also interesting, especially insects, which include over 2,000 species of beetles only.