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Marcio Cabral | profile | all galleries >> Brazilian National Parks >> Fernando de Noronha - NORONHA ISLAND tree view | thumbnails | slideshow | map

Fernando de Noronha - NORONHA ISLAND

Fernando de Noronha is an isolated group of volcanic islands located in the South Equatorial Atlantic at 03° 51' south and 32° 25' west, approximately 215 miles from Cape Sao Roque in the state of Rio Grande do Norte and 340 miles from Recife, Pernambuco. The main islands are the visible parts of a range of submerged mountains . Consisting of 21 islands, islets and rocks of a volcanic origin, the main island has an area of 7.1 square miles, being 6.2 miles long and 2.2 miles at its maximum width. The perimeter measures 37.2 miles. The base of this enormous volcanic formation is 2480 feet below the surface. The main island, from which the group gets its name, makes up 91% of the total area; the islands of Rata, Sela Gineta, Cabeluda and Sao Jose, together with the islets of Leao and Viuva make up the rest. Geological studies indicate that the islands were formed around 2,000,000 years ago.

As occurs on other isolated oceanic systems, the land fauna of the Archipelago Fernando de Noronha presents an exuberant bird life, much richer than the vertebrate groups such as amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, which are represented by only a few species.
The Archipelago Fernando de Noronha hosts ecologic sites ideal for an exuberant marine animal life, due to its geographic location far from the continent and well within the path of the Southern Equatorial Current, as well as the nature of its climate, a fact clearly proven in various experiments. Over the years separate studies have discovered 168 families of mollusks, 72 species of crustaceans, and a large quantity of ornamental fish both native and migratory.

In 1988 approximately 70% of the archipelago was declared a National Marine Park, with the goal of preserving the land and marine environment. It is administered by the IBAMA. Towards its goal research projects are being developed, such as: recording native and migratory bird species both marine and land; studying the behavior and reproduction of the golfinho rotador stenella longirostris; the ecology and reproduction of the crustaceans of the upper, middle and lower coast; shark research and the TAMAR PROJECT (marine turtles). These subjects are offered to the tourists each night at the visitors center of the project, nearby the headquarters of IBAMA.

Today Fernando de Noronha is a model of enviornmental preservation, existing side by side with small scale tourist activities, which are limited by the existing facilities. Permanent works built by the ONG's and Foundations, contribute to the perfecting of the conservational policies.

This gallery is under construction.

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Bahia do sueste Sueste sunrise #1 _T7A5168-copiar.jpg Meio Beach Sueste sunrise #5
Praia do Bode - Bode Beach _T7A5527-copiar.jpg Buraco da Rachel Sancho beach Sueste sunrise #4
_T7A5424-copiar.jpg Remedios fort _T7A5433-copiar.jpg Cactus of paradise Splash!
Noronha sunrise _T7A5704-copiar.jpg Praia do meio Panoramic #1  Praia do Boldró - Boldro beach
Praia do Bode Sueste bay porcos bay _T7A5215-copiar.jpg Cacimba do padre
_T7A5159-copiar.jpg Cacimba do padre _T7A5375-copiar.jpg _T7A5614-copiar.jpg Mirante do Forte do Boldró - Praia do Americano
Praia da Caçimba do Padre Mirante do forte dos remedios stones Lion Beach Noronha sunset
Lion Beach _T7A5449 Esmeralda coast Sueste bay IMG_5711.jpg
Boldro beach Porcos Bay Four hundred years Splash #2 Porcos Bay
Praia da Conceição sancho Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Fort _T7A5691-copiar.jpg Atobá
Praia do Boldró _T7A5981-copiar.jpg Praia da Caçimba do Padre - Morros gemeos Bahia do Sueste _T7A5312__1__2__3_tonemapped-copiar.jpg
Remédios Fort at night _T7A5799-copiar-2.jpg Boldro beach wild flowers #1 Praia do Boldró
_T7A5499-copiar.jpg Ilha da Rata vista do Porte dos Remédios Cactus of paradise Pig's Bay Bahia dos Porcos
Viuvinha ''Anus minutis'' Sueste sunrise sancho beach Noronha sunset #1 Conceição Beach
Sueste sunrise #4 leaopano.jpg Noronha sunset #3 Forte dos remedios Bahia dos porcos
Praia do  Sancho - Sancho Beach Sueste sunrise #3 Bahia dos Porcos Boldro beach Porcos Bay
Bode beach sunset Praia do Sueste - Sueste Beach Canyon da Raquel _T7A5649-copiar.jpg Bode beach
porcos bay at sunset Marcio Cabral at work Buraco da Rachel Bode beach sunset Noronha island
Porto e Biboca _T7A5506-copiar.jpg Boats Remédios Fort _T7A5711-copiar.jpg
Sueste sunrise #2 Remedios Fort at Sunset