photo sharing and upload picture albums photo forums search pictures popular photos photography help login
Dick Osseman | all galleries >> Istanbul >> Museums - Müzeler >> Istanbul - Turkish and Islamic arts museum > Turkish and Islamic Museum 0885.jpg
previous | next

Turkish and Islamic Museum 0885.jpg

view map

Tugra of Sultan Osman the Third (1754-1757).

From Enc. Britt.: (tuğra) a kind of royal cipher based on the names and titles of the reigning sultan and worked into a very intricate and beautiful design. A distinctive tuğra was created for each sultan and affixed to imperial decrees by a skilled calligrapher, the neshanı.

I have been informed from several sides that an earlier attribution was wrong.

In addition: It is observed that great viziers, state viziers and seigniories used tuğra-like signatures (called ‘pençe’, which means ‘claw’) in official documents. ‘Pençe’ were written in Arabic letters on over-right, mid or down-side of the document depending on the importance of the subject person. They are seen at left side of the documents in Ottoman documents with western languages. As the difference, a ‘pençe’ include only one curve. Double curves could be only in tuğra.

other sizes: small medium large original auto
comment | share
Ferhat Karas 12-Mar-2009 08:51
This is the tugra of Sultan Osman the Third.
"Osman bin Mustafa Khan El-Muzaffer Daima"