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Krakow's Ancient Benedictine Abbey of Tyniec

The spectacular Benedictine abbey in Tyniec upon the riverbank on the western outskirts of today’s Krakow, some twelve kilometers upstream from the Wawel Royal Castle, boasts glorious and dramatic history of nearly 1000 years rich in eventful episodes.
Founded in 1044 by Prince Casimir I the Renovator, then Poland’s ruler, the Tyniec abbey used to command the approach to the country’s capital city through the Wisla (Vistula) river valley. The fortified monastery on a steep hill was a hard nut to crack for the enemy, so small wonder that it often suffered their revenge. Mongols burnt it down in the 12th century, Swedes in the 17th c., and Russians in the 18th c. when the Tyniec Abbey was a crucial stronghold of the first Polish national uprising.
Yet otherwise Benedictine monks have lived and worked here peacefully for nearly a millennium. In the Middle Ages the learned friars provided education to young royalty in addition to their other numerous labors. Little was left of the original 11th-century monastery as first it was replaced by Gothic structures and next by the 16th-century Renaissance buildings given a Baroque facelift in the 17th century. Also the abbey's present Baroque church dates from the 17th century.
t3%2f82%2f79282%2f4%2f114022831.zJ1V0WpG.jpg ancient abbey upon the riverbank
ancient abbey upon the riverbank
Tyniec -  Ignacy Krieger, ca 1900
Tyniec - Ignacy Krieger, ca 1900
abbey
abbey
approaching
approaching
gate
gate
the ruins, before 1939
the ruins, before 1939
churchyard
churchyard
old shot
old shot
after many, many years...
after many, many years...
old well, before 1939
old well, before 1939
old well, today
old well, today
old well built without nails
old well built without nails
Church of SS. Peter and Paul
Church of SS. Peter and Paul
reconstruction
reconstruction
entry...
entry...
church
church
first motor car in Tyniec
first motor car in Tyniec
...
...
Vistula near by the abbey
Vistula near by the abbey
strawberry wine
strawberry wine
Benedictine monastery`s beer
Benedictine monastery`s beer
1044
1044
view from Abbey on Vistula river
view from Abbey on Vistula river
chalice of Andrzej Ozga (opat of monastery) made about 1480
chalice of Andrzej Ozga (opat of monastery) made about 1480
well
well
reliquary of St Benedict
reliquary of St Benedict