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Gismonda  (for Sara Bernhardt)
1894 Alfons Mucha

Gismonda (for Sara Bernhardt)

This is the poster which made Mucha famous. The story of its creation has entered the realms of legend, with less imaginative commentators quibbling over factual details. There is no question that Mucha himself saw the hand of Fate at work in the circumstances which led to him creating the poster.
The story is briefly told. It was Christmas Eve 1894. The artist was doing a favour for a friend, correcting proofs at Lemercier`s printing works, when Sarah Bernhardt called de Brunhoff, the printer?s agent, with an immediate demand for a new poster for her production of Gismonda. All the regular Lemercier artists were on holiday, so he turned to Mucha in desperation. A demand from ?la divine Sarah? could not be ignored.
Gismonda, the poster which Mucha created, was to revolutionise poster design. The long narrow shape, the subtle pastel colours and the stillness of the near lifesize figure introduced a note of dignity and sobriety which were quite startling in their novelty. The poster was so popular with the Parisian public that collectors were known to bribe bill stickers to obtain them or simply to go out at night and, using razors, cut them down from the hoardings.
Sarah Bernhardt was delighted with the poster and immediately offered Mucha a five year contract to produce stage and costume designs as well as posters. At the same time he signed an exclusive contract with the printer Champenois to produce commercial and decorative posters.

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marie-jose wolff28-Mar-2010 20:13
"la Divine Sarah", a wonderful design with fine details! V