The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original
name of Westminster Abbey, is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English
monarchs. Until the 19th century, Westminster was the third seat of learning in England, after
Oxford and Cambridge. It was here that the first third of the King James Bible Old Testament and
the last half of the New Testament were translated. The New English Bible was also put together
here in the 20th century.
St Edward's Chair, the throne on which British sovereigns are seated at the moment of coronation,
is housed within the Abbey; from 1296 to 1996 the chair also housed the Stone of Destiny upon which
the kings of Scotland are crowned, but pending another coronation the Stone is now kept in Scotland.
The Abbey is also where many famous are buried more than any other single place I can think of.
Elizabeth I of England, James 1, Mary Queen of Scots, Sir Isaac Newton, Robert Browning, Charles
Dickens, Geoffrey Chaucer, Rudyard Kipling, Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson among others.