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Greg L. Jones | profile | all galleries >> Exploring Places >> WyoJones' look at the Big Apple >> Castle Clinton National Monument tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

Roosevelt Island, New York City | New York City Marathon | Statue of Liberty National Monument | Ellis Island National Monument | Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site | Federal Hall National Memorial | General Grant National Memorial | Castle Clinton National Monument | African Burial Ground National Monument | Central Park Adventures | Exploring the Upper East Side of Mahattan | A Walk Over the Brooklyn Bridge

Castle Clinton National Monument

This National Monument is located in Lower Manhattan in Battery Park.
More than a dozen forts were built to defend New York Harbor at the time of the War of 1812. The Southwest Battery was constructed on the rocks off the tip of Manhattan Island between 1808 and 1811. Although fully armed, the fort never had occasion to fire upon an enemy. In 1817, the fort was renamed Castle Clinton in honor of DeWitt Clinton, Mayor and later Governor of New York. The army vacated the fort in 1821 and the structure was deeded to New York City in 1823.

In the summer of 1824, a new restaurant and entertainment center opened at the site, then called Castle Garden. A roof was added in the 1840s and Castle Garden served as an opera house and theater until 1854. Many new inventions were demonstrated there to amazed audiences including the telegraph, Colts revolving rifles, steam powdered fire engines and underwater electronic explosives.

The "Swedish Nightengale" Jenny Lind made her American debut here in 1850, brought to America by no other then P.T. Barnum.

On August 3, 1855, Castle Garden, now leased to New York State, opened as an immigrant landing depot. During the next 34 years, over 8 million people entered the United States through Castle Garden, until it was closed on April 18, 1890.

The building was altered once again and reopened as the New York City Aquarium on December 10, 1896. It was one of the city's most popular attractions until it closed in 1941.

Saved from demolition in 1946, the Castle was restored to its original look as a fortification and serves not only as a museum, but the ticket office for the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island ferry. The fort built to keep out the British now serves to welcome all to America.



Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton: north gate
Castle Clinton: north gate
Castle Clinton in Battery Park
Castle Clinton in Battery Park
Statue of Liberty Ticket Window
Statue of Liberty Ticket Window
HELP!
HELP!
Silent scream for Help!
Silent scream for Help!
Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
Gun Port
Gun Port
Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
Touristy thing to do
Touristy thing to do
Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton
North Gate
North Gate
Gun Port
Gun Port
Manhattan Skyline with Castle Clinton in foreground
Manhattan Skyline with Castle Clinton in foreground
Castle Clinton- north gate and wall
Castle Clinton- north gate and wall
Castle Clinton Book Store
Castle Clinton Book Store
Ticket Line for the Liberty Ferry outside Castle Clinton
Ticket Line for the Liberty Ferry outside Castle Clinton
Couple on bench in battery park with Castle Clinton in background
Couple on bench in battery park with Castle Clinton in background
Castle Clinton in Battery Park
Castle Clinton in Battery Park
Art work in battery park in front of Castle Clinton
Art work in battery park in front of Castle Clinton
Castle Clinton's walls
Castle Clinton's walls