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Lake Titicaca

Located between Bolivia and Peru, Lake Titicaca is one of the most fascinating lakes in the world. It is situated at a very high altitude, at over 3800 meters above sea level
Lake Titicaca is surrounded by the barren landscape of the Altiplano, a high plain that starts at the northern border of Peru and stretches south through the Andes, ending at the world's highest volcano, the Ojos del Salado. One of seventeen remaining ancient lakes in the world, Lake Titicaca is thought to be three million years old, a remnant of Lago Ballivian, an inland sea that disappeared amid the volcanic shifts and eruptions that formed the Altiplano.
For centuries, Lake Titicaca has held great religious and economic significance. Pre-Incan peoples believed the Sun deity and the sun itself had originally emerged from the lake. For the sun-worshipping Incas, it was considered the birthplace of mankind, beginning with the first emperor, Manco Capac. Long an important source of irrigation water, the lake is fished commercially today for the karachi and ispi species.
The ruins of an ancient temple have been found by international archaeologists under Lake Titicaca, the world's highest lake. Dating back 1,000 to 1,500 years ago, the ruins are pre-Incan. The Incas, who built Machu Picchu, believed they originated from the lake, and they regarded the lake as the birthplace of their civilization, and in their myth, the Children of The Sun emerged out of the waters.
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