Trondheim (historically Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag County, Norway.
The city of Trondheim was established as a municipality on January 1st, 1838. The rural municipalities
of Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda, and Tiller were merged with Trondheim in 1964.
Trondheim is a Norwegian hub of education, technical and medical research, with the Norwegian University
of Science and Technology (NTNU) and SINTEF (Stiftelsen for industriell og teknisk forskning-Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research) located in the city. NTNU has about 25,000 students.
With nearly 170,000 inhabitants, Trondheim is Norway's third largest municipality, as well as the center
of its fourth largest urban area, with a population of approximately 152,800. As of April 2009, the Trondheim
Region, a statistical metropolitan area, had a population of 260,364, making it the fourth largest in Norway.
The city boasts a rich cultural heritage. Even if its size is modest, there's a lot going on in Trondheim.
Music, arts, culture, alternative politics, nightlife, student life... all come together to make Trondheim
one of the most exciting cities in Northern Europe.
Contrary to popular beliefs, Trondheim was not so much of a center for the Vikings, as it was founded at
the end of the Viking Age. However, it was the religious center of Northern Europe during the Middle Ages,
and a vital hub for North Atlantic trade, giving it plenty of its characteristic mansions and harbor houses.
For centuries, Trondheim was the northernmost mercantile city in Europe, giving it a special "edge-of-the-world"
feeling. This also resulted in a more open-hearted, international culture than many other Scandinavian
cities at the time. The inhabitants like to call their city the historical, the religious, and the technological
capital of Norway. The city celebrated its 1000th anniversary in 1997.