The birthplace of modern-day Germany.
From 1797 to 1815 the Palatinate belonged to France and aligned itself with the values of the French Revolution – liberty, equality, fraternity.
The July revolution in Paris in 1830 further fuelled the desire for liberty, which culminated in the Hambach Festival.
Leading liberals and 30,000 citizens from all walks of life gathered together and demanded more civil rights, religious tolerance and above all national unity.
They also demanded freedom of assembly, freedom of expression and a free press.