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Masada

Excerpted from Wikipedia: "Masada (Hebrew pronounced Metzada, "fortress") is the name for a site of ancient palaces and fortifications in the South District of Israel on top of an isolated rock plateau, or horst, on the eastern edge of the Judean Desert overlooking the Dead Sea. After the First Jewish-Roman War a siege of the fortress by troops of the Roman Empire led to the mass "suicide" of the Sicarii rebels, who preferred death to surrender.

The cliffs on the east edge of Masada are about 1,300 feet (400 m) high and the cliffs on the west are about 300 feet (90 m) high; the natural approaches to the cliff top are very difficult. The top of the plateau is flat and rhomboid-shaped, about 1,800 feet (550 m) by 900 feet (275 m). There was a casemate wall around the top of the plateau totaling 4,300 feet (1.3 km) long and 12 feet (3.7 m) thick, with many towers, and the fortress included storehouses, barracks, an armory, the palace, and cisterns that were refilled by rainwater. Three narrow, winding paths led from below up to fortified gates.

The account of the siege of Masada was related to Josephus by two women who survived the suicide by hiding inside a cistern along with five children, and repeated Eleazar ben Ya'ir's exhortations to his followers, prior to the mass suicide, verbatim to the Romans. Because Judaism strongly discourages suicide, Josephus reported that the defenders had drawn lots and killed each other in turn, down to the last man, who would be the only one to actually take his own life. Josephus says that Eleazar ordered his men to destroy everything except the foodstuffs to show that the defenders retained the ability to live, and so chose their own death over slavery, but archaeological excavations have shown that storerooms which contained their provisions were also burnt, though whether this was by Romans, by Jews, or natural fire spreading is unclear. Josephus also reported that the Romans found arms sufficient for ten thousand men as well as iron, brass and lead which casts further doubt on the accuracy of the account, especially when considering Josephus' predilection for exaggeration.[citation needed] Historians also point out the parallels between the incidents at Jotapata and Masada such as Eleazar's second speech corresponding to the speech which Josephus himself delivered at Jotapata under similar circumstances and the transference of the lottery motif from the former to the latter. Though whether Josephus added Eleazar's speech in his own name at Jotapata or vice versa is also unclear. . . ."
squeezing oranges masada.JPG
squeezing oranges masada.JPG
masada entry.JPG
masada entry.JPG
masada entry2.JPG
masada entry2.JPG
masada entry1.JPG
masada entry1.JPG
cable car down wires.jpg
cable car down wires.jpg
cable car wires.jpg
cable car wires.jpg
cable car pulley.JPG
cable car pulley.JPG
PB212495_cablecar shadow_800.jpg
PB212495_cablecar shadow_800.jpg
cable car roof.jpg
cable car roof.jpg
masada cable car wheel.JPG
masada cable car wheel.JPG
PB212453_flywheel cable car_800.jpg
PB212453_flywheel cable car_800.jpg
PB212457_snakepath_800.jpg
PB212457_snakepath_800.jpg
PB212449_climbing masada_800.jpg
PB212449_climbing masada_800.jpg
PB212456_climbing masada_800.jpg
PB212456_climbing masada_800.jpg
masada walkway up.jpg
masada walkway up.jpg
masada stairway
masada stairway
sparrowmasada3cropped.JPG
sparrowmasada3cropped.JPG
Masada_thatch1.JPG
Masada_thatch1.JPG
masada bath floor.JPG
masada bath floor.JPG
masada bath mosaic1.JPG
masada bath mosaic1.JPG
masada bath mosaic2.JPG
masada bath mosaic2.JPG
masada steambath ed.JPG
masada steambath ed.JPG
masada wall fresco steam bath entrance
masada wall fresco steam bath entrance
masada corner red tiles and windows.jpg
masada corner red tiles and windows.jpg
masada corner red tiles.jpg
masada corner red tiles.jpg
masada floor supports.jpg
masada floor supports.jpg
masada hot room floor supports.jpg
masada hot room floor supports.jpg
masada hot room floor supports1.jpg
masada hot room floor supports1.jpg
masada steam bath corner.JPG
masada steam bath corner.JPG
masada steam bath floor1.JPG
masada steam bath floor1.JPG
masada steam bath floor2.JPG
masada steam bath floor2.JPG
masada steam bath floor3.JPG
masada steam bath floor3.JPG
masada steam bath fresco.JPG
masada steam bath fresco.JPG
masada steam bath out.JPG
masada steam bath out.JPG
masada steam bath tiles.JPG
masada steam bath tiles.JPG
masada columbaria1.JPG
masada columbaria1.JPG
masada hills2.JPG
masada hills2.JPG
masada walkway.jpg
masada walkway.jpg
roman X 1.JPG
roman X 1.JPG
roman X 2.JPG
roman X 2.JPG
masada 10 legion2.JPG
masada 10 legion2.JPG
masada 10 legion1.JPG
masada 10 legion1.JPG
masada 10th legion close.JPG
masada 10th legion close.JPG
masada 10th legion.JPG
masada 10th legion.JPG
masada 10th legion camp.JPG
masada 10th legion camp.JPG
P6251335_masada church.jpg
P6251335_masada church.jpg
masada church2.jpg
masada church2.jpg
masada church3.jpg
masada church3.jpg
masada church clouds.JPG
masada church clouds.JPG
P6251336_masada church.jpg
P6251336_masada church.jpg
P6251337_masada church.jpg
P6251337_masada church.jpg
masada at 300.JPG
masada at 300.JPG
masada window to sky.JPG
masada window to sky.JPG
PA082064_byz church wall.jpg
PA082064_byz church wall.jpg
masada doorway.JPG
masada doorway.JPG
masada side wall.JPG
masada side wall.JPG
masada sticks.JPG
masada sticks.JPG
masada north palace balcony.JPG
masada north palace balcony.JPG
masada doorway.JPG
masada doorway.JPG
masada wall.JPG
masada wall.JPG
masada herod palace1.JPG
masada herod palace1.JPG
masada palace balcony.jpg
masada palace balcony.jpg
masada rabs1.JPG
masada rabs1.JPG
masada snake path.JPG
masada snake path.JPG
masada electric.JPG
masada electric.JPG
masada erosion.JPG
masada erosion.JPG
erosion1.JPG
erosion1.JPG
dead sea view.JPG
dead sea view.JPG
tgrackle catching bread.JPG
tgrackle catching bread.JPG
tgrackle bread4.JPG
tgrackle bread4.JPG
PB212471_bird mike_800.jpg
PB212471_bird mike_800.jpg
tristerwings1.JPG
tristerwings1.JPG
masada grackles2
masada grackles2
masada grackles
masada grackles
tgrackles ledge.JPG
tgrackles ledge.JPG
tgracles ledge2.JPG
tgracles ledge2.JPG
sparrow rock masada.JPG
sparrow rock masada.JPG
PA082057_grackle rail.jpg
PA082057_grackle rail.jpg
PA082058_grackle.jpg
PA082058_grackle.jpg
masada layers_filtered.jpg
masada layers_filtered.jpg
masada overhang.JPG
masada overhang.JPG
masada dead tree.jpg
masada dead tree.jpg
masada vista.jpg
masada vista.jpg
masada bamboo roof.JPG
masada bamboo roof.JPG
masada palace descent.JPG
masada palace descent.JPG
P5140019.JPG
P5140019.JPG
P6251348_masada dead sea.jpg
P6251348_masada dead sea.jpg
P6251349_masada bars dead sea.jpg
P6251349_masada bars dead sea.jpg
P6251355_masada lower palace.jpg
P6251355_masada lower palace.jpg
P6251365_masada sticks roof.jpg
P6251365_masada sticks roof.jpg
PA082038_storage room.jpg
PA082038_storage room.jpg
PA082039_storage room.jpg
PA082039_storage room.jpg
PA082040_palace balcony.jpg
PA082040_palace balcony.jpg
PA082041_roman officers.jpg
PA082041_roman officers.jpg
PA082043_hot room tiles.jpg
PA082043_hot room tiles.jpg
PA082053_guard room.jpg
PA082053_guard room.jpg
PA082054_guard room.jpg
PA082054_guard room.jpg
PA082060_rock pile.jpg
PA082060_rock pile.jpg
PA082061_rock pile wide.jpg
PA082061_rock pile wide.jpg
PA082062_rock pile.jpg
PA082062_rock pile.jpg
PB212461_johnmasada_800.jpg
PB212461_johnmasada_800.jpg
PB212474_tatoo girl_800.jpg
PB212474_tatoo girl_800.jpg
PB212489_wadi water demo_800.jpg
PB212489_wadi water demo_800.jpg
P2110071_shack hills masada.jpg
P2110071_shack hills masada.jpg
P2110072_birds flying masada800.jpg
P2110072_birds flying masada800.jpg
P2110073_masada shack800.jpg
P2110073_masada shack800.jpg
P2110074_hills800.jpg
P2110074_hills800.jpg
P2110075_hills800.jpg
P2110075_hills800.jpg
P2110076_hills800.jpg
P2110076_hills800.jpg
P2110077_hills800.jpg
P2110077_hills800.jpg
P2110078_hills800.jpg
P2110078_hills800.jpg
P2110084_erosion800.jpg
P2110084_erosion800.jpg
P2110087_erosion800.jpg
P2110087_erosion800.jpg
P4010948_park sign_800.jpg
P4010948_park sign_800.jpg
P4010949_stairs_800.jpg
P4010949_stairs_800.jpg
P4010950_columbaria_800.jpg
P4010950_columbaria_800.jpg
P4010953_columbaria_800.jpg
P4010953_columbaria_800.jpg
P4010954_columbaria_800.jpg
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P4010952_columbaria_800.jpg
P4010952_columbaria_800.jpg
P4010969_rock_800.jpg
P4010969_rock_800.jpg
P4010958_stairs_800.jpg
P4010958_stairs_800.jpg
P4010959_stairs shadow_800.jpg
P4010959_stairs shadow_800.jpg
P4010964_doorway_800.jpg
P4010964_doorway_800.jpg
P4010974_2nuns_800.jpg
P4010974_2nuns_800.jpg
P4010975_nuns_800.jpg
P4010975_nuns_800.jpg
P4010979_2nunswalking_800.jpg
P4010979_2nunswalking_800.jpg
P4010993_boy ledge_800.jpg
P4010993_boy ledge_800.jpg
P4010994_boy ledge_800.jpg
P4010994_boy ledge_800.jpg