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There are many names given to this part of the world from East Rome to Byzantium Empire and from Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic.. It is Constantinople, it is Konstantiniyye and it is Istanbul.. What ever the name is, it is "The City" for centuries..

The main reason of Istanbul’s being a very popular city for which wars are made, lives are lost is its geographical location…

In its south stretches Marmara Sea and in its north is Black Sea. Its west part is in Europe and east part is in Asia. The important waterline dividing Istanbul into two is the Bosphorus… The only alternative to reach the Aegean Sea and the Meditteranean Sea, therefore to open sea is to use Istanbul and the Bosphorus…

Istanbul is both the nearest Asian city to Europe and the nearest European city to Asia. What adds to Istanbul’s significance is its being a port city and all trade paths’ passing through the city for thousands of years…

Another important feature of Istanbul is that it has a highly sheltered structure. Especially the center which is presently called as the “historical peninsula”, which was made capital city by both Byzantine and Ottoman Empires and its being located on a hill surrounded by three seas made it almost impossible to be conquered… Indeed, Haliç "Golden Horn" had the quality of being an unparalleled harbour sheltering navy fleets.

Land of the blinds...

A famous myth explains very precisely the unmatched location of Istanbul:
Commander Byzas, who gave his name to the empire to be later called as Byzantine, sets off to sail to build a new colony from where Greece is located today. During the long voyage and his searches, he goes to an oracle for advice. The oracle makes this prediction: “You are going to build your city right opposite of the land of the blinds!” Continuing his voyage, Byzas reaches to the banks of Sarayburnu, the Istanbul of today. When he sees this protected peninsula, he thinks that it is just the place that he was looking for; meanwhile he notices the area of residence on the opposite side (Kadiköy at present). Byzas decides that the people who, given the excellent area of residence right before them, do not prefer to reside there are blind. And since it also coincides with the prediction, he builds his colony on this land without hesitation…

Istanbul, still geographically perfect!

Although thousands of years have passed, Istanbul still maintains its geographical importance. Today Istanbul is a huge metropolis connecting continents, cultures, religions and being home to twelve million people; and one of the greatest business and cultural center of the region…

The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

aerial sunset
aerial sunset
bosphorus, istanbul
:: bosphorus, istanbul ::
boats of istanbul between two continents
:: boats of istanbul between two continents ::
daily life of istanbul
:: daily life of istanbul ::
golden horn, haliç
:: golden horn, haliç ::
ottoman style
:: ottoman style ::
beyoglu - pera
:: beyoglu - pera ::
haydarpasa station
:: haydarpasa station ::
:: nisantasi ::
:: sultanahmed ::
bridges of istanbul
:: bridges of istanbul ::
polonezkoy - adampol
:: polonezkoy - adampol ::