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Jeffrey Lewis Knapp | profile | all galleries >> Hanger Cafe Chandler tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

Hanger Cafe Chandler

Text from wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biplane

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings. The first powered heavier-than-air
aircraft, the Wright brothers' Wright Flyer, used a biplane design, as did most airplanes in
the early years of aviation. While a biplane wing structure has several advantages it inevitably
produces much more drag than a similar monoplane wing. Improved structural techniques and
materials, and the need for greater speed, effectively made the biplane configuration obsolete
for most purposes by the late 1930s.

The term is also occasionally used in biology, to describe the wings of some flying animals.

In a biplane aircraft, two wings are placed one above the other. Both provide lift. Very
often there is a fuselage to which the lower wing is attached, while the upper wing is raised
above, although other combinations have occurred. Almost all biplanes also have a third
horizontal surface, the tailplane, to control the pitch, or angle of attack of the aircraft
(although there have been a few exceptions). Either or both of the main wings can support
flaps or ailerons to assist lateral and speed control, although the upper wing has tended
historically to be more important in this regard. Often there is bracing in the form of wires
and slender struts positioned symmetrically on either side of the fuselage.

Variations on the biplane include the sesquiplane, where one wing (usually the lower) is
significantly smaller than the other, either in span, chord, or both. Sometimes the lower
wing is only large enough to support the bracing struts for the upper wing. The name means
"one-and-a-half wings". Another (aerodynamically quite distinct) variation is the tandem wing
biplane, which is an aircraft with one wing in front of the other (e.g. a wing in the nose and
a wing in the tail).

Advantages and drawbacks to biplane designs

RAF BE2c biplane of 1915.Aircraft built with two main wings (or three in a triplane) can usually
lift more than can a similarly sized monoplane of similar wing-span. Another advantage of biplane
wings is that a given wing area requires a shorter wing span, which tends to afford greater
maneuverability. The struts and wire bracing of a typical biplane form a box girder that permits
a light but very strong wing structure.

On the other hand there are many disadvantages to the configuration. Each wing negatively
interferes with the aerodynamics of the other. For a given wing area the biplane produces more
drag and less lift than a monoplane, but this effect can be reduced by placing one wing forward
of the other. Placing one wing forward of the other is known as stagger. Forward stagger (where
the upper wing is further forward) is most common, but backward stagger has also been used,
notably in Beechcraft Staggerwing. Excessive amounts of stagger distort the box girder
effect of the wing - and this tends to reduce the structural benefits of the biplane layout.

History

Biplanes were most successful in the early days of aviation when the all wing structures
(including those of monoplanes) needed to be strengthened by external bracing wires and struts.
The inherent strength of the biplane configuration in this situation was decisive, as early
monoplanes tended to suffer from overly flexible wings, resulting in poor lateral control, and
a greater risk of wing failure. Once the need for external bracing was removed by the widespread
adoption of improved structural materials and techniques monoplanes quickly superseded biplanes
in aviation. Modern biplane designs now exist only in specialist niche roles and markets such as
aerobatics and agricultural aircraft.

The vast majority of biplane designs have been fitted with reciprocating engines of comparatively
low power; exceptions include the Antonov An-3 and WSK-Mielec M-15 Belphegor, fitted with turboprop
and turbofan engines, respectively. Some older biplane designs, such as the Grumman Ag Cat and the
aforementioned An-2 (in the form of the An-3) are available in upgraded versions with turboprop engines.

Famous biplanes include the Sopwith Camel, Avro Tutor, Antonov An-2, Beechcraft Staggerwing,
Boeing Stearman, Bristol Bulldog, Curtiss JN-4, de Havilland Tiger Moth, Fairey Swordfish,
Hawker Hart, Pitts Special and the Wright Flyer. The Stearman is particularly associated with
stunt flying with wing-walkers. Famous sesquiplanes include the Nieuport 17 and Albatros D.III.

In an interesting parallel to the role of the biplane in human aviation, some researchers
have suggested that the feathered dinosaur Microraptor glided, and perhaps even flew, on four
wings which were held in a biplane-like arrangement. This was made possible by the presence
of flight feathers on both the forelimbs and hindlimbs of Microraptor, and it has been suggested
that the earliest flying ancestors of birds may have possessed this morphology, with the monoplane
arrangement of modern birds evolving later.[1]

The Hanger Café 480-899-6965
1725 E Ryan Rd # 1
Chandler AZ 85286-1737
----------------
Hanger CafeChandler Arizona
Hanger Cafe
Chandler Arizona
a biplane is afixed-wing aircraft
a biplane is a
fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
duel engine Piper Aztec
duel engine Piper Aztec
over head wing cub
over head wing cub
getting ready to go N9683P
getting ready to go N9683P
fixed-wing aircraftN44HV a biplane
fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N3808F a biplane isa fixed-wing aircraft
N3808F a biplane is
a fixed-wing aircraft
N3808F a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N3808F a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Hanger Cafe Chandler
Hanger Cafe Chandler
aeroplane :o)
aeroplane :o)
REFLECTION NEM
REFLECTION NEM
4 little birdies in a row
4 little birdies in a row
Rick and birds
Rick and birds
N8328I
N8328I
number N8328I
number N8328I
cut glass window
cut glass window
Lori says Hello.need more coffee?
Lori says Hello.
"need more coffee"?
Rick :o) :o) and Lori
Rick :o) :o) and Lori
Hanger Cafe hours
Hanger Cafe hours
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
Hanger Cafe
Hanger Cafe
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplaneis a fixed-wing aircraft
N44HV a biplane
is a fixed-wing aircraft
Hanger Cafebest Cobb salad!
Hanger Cafe
best Cobb salad!
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
Rick @ Hanger Cafe
Rick @ Hanger Cafe
PULL, I PUSHED & COULD NOT GET OUT
PULL, I PUSHED &
COULD NOT GET OUT
AuthorizedPersonnel Only
Authorized
Personnel Only
biplane at Hanger cafe N6247L
biplane at Hanger cafe N6247L
Best Cobb Salad with Blue cheese dressing
Best Cobb Salad with Blue cheese dressing
biplane at Chandler airport
biplane at Chandler airport
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Sinclair Aircraft at Hanger Café
Sinclair Aircraft at Hanger Café
Best on the planet Cobb Salad
Best on the planet Cobb Salad
Best on the planet  Cobb Salad with Blue cheese dressing
Best on the planet
Cobb Salad with Blue cheese dressing
Hanger Café
Hanger Café
Cobb Salad with Blue cheese dressing
Cobb Salad with Blue cheese dressing
Best Cobb Salad on the planet with Blue cheese dressing
Best Cobb Salad on the planet with Blue cheese dressing
Hanger Café lunch table
Hanger Café lunch table
Best Cobb Salad on the planet
Best Cobb Salad on the planet
Best Cobb Salad on the planet
Best Cobb Salad on the planet
Best Cobb Salad on the planet
Best Cobb Salad on the planet
Warm cobbler with GIANT ice cream.
Warm cobbler with GIANT ice cream.
Today's Menu .....
Today's Menu .....
Flying in the sky in the Hanger Café
Flying in the sky in the Hanger Café
Flying Lessons  one dollar to fly and fifty dollars to land
Flying Lessons
one dollar to fly and fifty dollars to land
Flying in the sky in the Hanger Café
Flying in the sky in the Hanger Café
Best Coffee in the world
Best Coffee in the world
Unattended children will be given Espresso and a free kitten
Unattended children will be given Espresso and a free kitten
An airplane flying in the sky in the Hanger Café.
An airplane flying in the sky in the Hanger Café.
Unattended children will be given Espresso and a free kitten
Unattended children will be given Espresso and a free kitten
Flying in the sky in the Hanger Café
Flying in the sky in the Hanger Café
Hanger Café menu
Hanger Café menu
An airplane at the Hanger Café
An airplane at the Hanger Café
An airplane at the Hanger Café
An airplane at the Hanger Café
An airplane at the Hanger Café
An airplane at the Hanger Café
Wing tip flashing warning light.
Wing tip flashing warning light.
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Observation deck waiting area upstairs
Observation deck waiting area upstairs
Chandler Airport Gas Station 50 cents please :o)
Chandler Airport Gas Station 50 cents please :o)
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
Hanger Café Chandler Arizona
An airplane at the Hanger Café Chandler Airport
An airplane at the Hanger Café Chandler Airport
Green Truck Club at Chandler Airport
Green Truck Club at Chandler Airport
Chandler Airport Chandler Arizona
Chandler Airport Chandler Arizona
The Hanger Café 480-899-6965
The Hanger Café 480-899-6965
YMEYNOT Green Truck club
YMEYNOT Green Truck club
getting gassed 18 gallons
getting gassed 18 gallons
N83447 parked for gas
N83447 parked for gas
getting gassed Christmas 2013
getting gassed Christmas 2013
N3808F getting gassed
N3808F getting gassed
N3808F getting gassed 18 gal 22 gal tank
N3808F getting gassed 18 gal 22 gal tank
N3808F checking the oil
N3808F checking the oil
N3808F signing off on the refill
N3808F signing off on the refill
N83447 getting gassed
N83447 getting gassed
N3808F parked for gas 22 gal tank always fueled with 18 gal
N3808F parked for gas 22 gal tank always fueled with 18 gal
Hanger Café Chandler Air N3808F
Hanger Café Chandler Air N3808F
N3808F Hanger Café Chandler Air at Chandler Airport
N3808F Hanger Café Chandler Air at Chandler Airport
good star Biplane
good star Biplane
N3808F biplane at the Hanger Café
N3808F biplane at the Hanger Café
N8328I Hanger Café
N8328I Hanger Café
test view from Hanger Café
test view from Hanger Café
propeller of N3808F Biplane Airplane
propeller of
N3808F Biplane Airplane
photo of the photo taker
photo of the photo taker
delicious cobb saladBest on the Planet
delicious cobb salad
Best on the Planet
Best on the Planetcobb salad gonein a  flash
Best on the Planet
cobb salad gone
in a flash
N83447 and N3808F
N83447 and N3808F
getting ready for take off
getting ready for take off
N3808F Biplane
N3808F Biplane
nice motorcycle
nice motorcycle
YMEYNOTGreen Truck Club
YMEYNOT
Green Truck Club
Chandler Air Service
Chandler Air Service
nice Harley Davidson Motorcycle
nice Harley Davidson Motorcycle
Custom Car NoteMillion Dollar Bill
Custom Car Note
Million Dollar Bill