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Fernando de Noronha - NORONHA ISLAND

Fernando de Noronha is an isolated group of volcanic islands located in the South Equatorial Atlantic at 03° 51' south and 32° 25' west, approximately 215 miles from Cape Sao Roque in the state of Rio Grande do Norte and 340 miles from Recife, Pernambuco. The main islands are the visible parts of a range of submerged mountains . Consisting of 21 islands, islets and rocks of a volcanic origin, the main island has an area of 7.1 square miles, being 6.2 miles long and 2.2 miles at its maximum width. The perimeter measures 37.2 miles. The base of this enormous volcanic formation is 2480 feet below the surface. The main island, from which the group gets its name, makes up 91% of the total area; the islands of Rata, Sela Gineta, Cabeluda and Sao Jose, together with the islets of Leao and Viuva make up the rest. Geological studies indicate that the islands were formed around 2,000,000 years ago.

As occurs on other isolated oceanic systems, the land fauna of the Archipelago Fernando de Noronha presents an exuberant bird life, much richer than the vertebrate groups such as amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, which are represented by only a few species.
The Archipelago Fernando de Noronha hosts ecologic sites ideal for an exuberant marine animal life, due to its geographic location far from the continent and well within the path of the Southern Equatorial Current, as well as the nature of its climate, a fact clearly proven in various experiments. Over the years separate studies have discovered 168 families of mollusks, 72 species of crustaceans, and a large quantity of ornamental fish both native and migratory.

In 1988 approximately 70% of the archipelago was declared a National Marine Park, with the goal of preserving the land and marine environment. It is administered by the IBAMA. Towards its goal research projects are being developed, such as: recording native and migratory bird species both marine and land; studying the behavior and reproduction of the golfinho rotador stenella longirostris; the ecology and reproduction of the crustaceans of the upper, middle and lower coast; shark research and the TAMAR PROJECT (marine turtles). These subjects are offered to the tourists each night at the visitors center of the project, nearby the headquarters of IBAMA.

Today Fernando de Noronha is a model of enviornmental preservation, existing side by side with small scale tourist activities, which are limited by the existing facilities. Permanent works built by the ONG's and Foundations, contribute to the perfecting of the conservational policies.

This gallery is under construction.

sancho Remedios Fort at Sunset Conceição Beach Meio Beach Boldro beach
Buraco da Rachel Lion Beach Sueste sunrise Praia do Boldró Sueste bay
Cacimba do padre Sueste bay Boats Cactus of paradise Ilha da Rata vista do Porte dos Remédios
stones Praia da Conceição Bahia do Sueste Canyon da Raquel Porto e Biboca
Praia da Caçimba do Padre - Morros gemeos Bahia do sueste Praia da Caçimba do Padre Mirante do Forte do Boldró - Praia do Americano Praia do Bode
Sueste sunrise #4 Remédios Fort at night Praia do Sueste - Sueste Beach Bahia dos Porcos  Praia do Boldró - Boldro beach
Praia do Bode - Bode Beach Praia do Boldró Sancho beach leaopano.jpg Noronha sunrise
Noronha sunset #3 Porcos Bay Praia do  Sancho - Sancho Beach Bode beach sunset Remédios Fort
Viuvinha ''Anus minutis'' Esmeralda coast Bahia dos Porcos Sueste sunrise #5 Marcio Cabral at work
Noronha island Praia do meio Mirante do forte dos remedios Porcos Bay Remedios fort
Cacimba do padre sancho beach Bode beach sunset Pig's Bay Noronha sunset
Boldro beach Splash #2 Buraco da Rachel Sueste sunrise #4 Porcos Bay
Four hundred years Sueste sunrise #3 Bahia dos porcos Sueste sunrise #2 Boldro beach
Atobá Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Fort Cactus of paradise wild flowers #1 Forte dos remedios
Panoramic #1 Sueste sunrise #1 Noronha sunset #1 porcos bay Lion Beach
Bode beach Splash! porcos bay at sunset 2003
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