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The absence of gulls in Hawai'i is surprising to many people
but gulls are essentially continental species
They lack the salt glands used by marine birds to desalinate seawater,
and thus require a supply of freshwater.
Some gulls occasionally reach Hawai'i but most are immature birds that
have been blown in by a storm.
(Source: "Hawaii's Birds, Hawaii Audubon Society, Island Heritage Publications, Honolulu, Hawai'i, 2005.