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Luis Curran | profile | all galleries >> Uzbekistan 2009 >> Khiva tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

Khiva

The city of Khiva was first recorded by Muslim travellers in the 10th century, although archaeologists assert that the city has existed since the 6th century. By the early 17th century, Khiva had become the capital of the Khanate of Khiva, ruled over by a branch of the Astrakhans,
a Genghisid dynasty.
In 1873, Russian General Von Kaufman launched an attack on the city, which fell on 28 May 1873. Although the Russian Empire now controlled the Khanate, it nominally allowed Khiva to remain as a quasi-independent protectorate. Following the Bolshevik seizure of power after the October Revolution, a short lived Khorezm People's Soviet Republic was created out of the territory of the old Khanate of Khiva, before its incorporation into the USSR in 1924, with the city of Khiva becoming part of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.
Khiva, also known as Khorezm, has a very long history; only a few civilizations can be compared with it. Hundred of years before the great Silk Road appeared, ancient Khorezm had links with Europe and the East, with Siberia and southern civilizations.
It is a cradle of three civilizations formed in Uzbekistan.
The Khorezm Khanate was very famous in the fourth century, BC. It was a very powerful state. The fairytale-like city of Khiva has managed to retain its exotic image of an Oriental town in the older part of the city called Itchan-Qala. Itchan-Qala displays the simplicity and monumentality of medieval architectural forms, the delicateness of woodcarvings, and the skilled interweaving of ornamentation. The silhouettes of its towering minarets, hemmed in by clay-built houses with their flat roofs and surrounded by the fortress's powerfully-built clay walls, give a clear idea of a typical Central Asian feudal city.
Billed as an "open air museum" Khiva is more than 2,500 years old with a population of about 40,000 people. It is located near the Kyzylkum desert, 450 km. from Bukhara. In fact, Khiva is made up of madrassahs (religious schools), mosques and minarets such as the tall and beautiful Islam-Khoja minaret. As well, it has the most number of minarets in Asia, the most remarkable being the Kalta-Minor minaret (1835).
There are a number of images showing the city before restoration - photographs taken by various Russian and French scholars and photographers. Their names and dates of the photograph taken are noted on each image.
"Caught in Time: Great Photographic Archives - KHIVA", Series Editor Vitaly Naumkin, Garnet Publishing 1992
Khiva
Khiva
Itchan Kala Walls
Itchan Kala Walls
Interior Courtyard - Hotel Malika
Interior Courtyard - Hotel Malika
Runaway Horse
Runaway Horse
XIMG_1919.jpg
XIMG_1919.jpg
Kalta Minor or Short  Minaret
Kalta Minor or Short Minaret
Kalta Minor
Kalta Minor
XIMG_1933.jpg
XIMG_1933.jpg
View of Khiva
View of Khiva
XIMG_1938.jpg
XIMG_1938.jpg
Kalta Minor and Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Kalta Minor and Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
XIMG_1940.jpg
XIMG_1940.jpg
XIMG_1943.jpg
XIMG_1943.jpg
Ibn Musa al-Khorezmy
Ibn Musa al-Khorezmy
Public Tandoor
Public Tandoor
XIMG_1962.jpg
XIMG_1962.jpg
Islam Khoja Minaret
Islam Khoja Minaret
XIMG_1964.jpg
XIMG_1964.jpg
XIMG_1968.jpg
XIMG_1968.jpg
XIMG_1977.jpg
XIMG_1977.jpg
XIMG_1980.jpg
XIMG_1980.jpg
City Walls
City Walls
Kunya Ark's Walls and the Harem Tower
Kunya Ark's Walls and the Harem Tower
Palace Structures in Kunya Ark
Palace Structures in Kunya Ark
XIMG_1994.jpg
XIMG_1994.jpg
XIMG_2008.jpg
XIMG_2008.jpg
XIMG_2016.jpg
XIMG_2016.jpg
XIMG_2018.jpg
XIMG_2018.jpg
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Inner Courtyard
Inner Courtyard
Interior of Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Interior of Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa
Elm Tree
Elm Tree
XIMG_2026.jpg
XIMG_2026.jpg
XIMG_2028.jpg
XIMG_2028.jpg
XIMG_2030.jpg
XIMG_2030.jpg
XIMG_2032.jpg
XIMG_2032.jpg
XIMG_2033.jpg
XIMG_2033.jpg
Commemoration Day Celebration - Main Square
Commemoration Day Celebration - Main Square
Children from Local Orphanage
Children from Local Orphanage
XIMG_2042.jpg
XIMG_2042.jpg
Mohammed Rakhim Khan Madrassa
Mohammed Rakhim Khan Madrassa
XIMG_2076.jpg
XIMG_2076.jpg
XIMG_2082.jpg
XIMG_2082.jpg
Eternity Pattern Tile
Eternity Pattern Tile
XIMG_2086.jpg
XIMG_2086.jpg
XIMG_2089.jpg
XIMG_2089.jpg
Khurinish Khana Reception Hall
Khurinish Khana Reception Hall
Khurinish Khana
Khurinish Khana
Ceiling Ornamentation
Ceiling Ornamentation
XIMG_2092.jpg
XIMG_2092.jpg
XIMG_2098.jpg
XIMG_2098.jpg
Throne Room
Throne Room
XIMG_2104.jpg
XIMG_2104.jpg
Original Pillar
Original Pillar
Carved Marble Base
Carved Marble Base
XIMG_2112.jpg
XIMG_2112.jpg
XIMG_2115.jpg
XIMG_2115.jpg
XIMG_2117.jpg
XIMG_2117.jpg
XIMG_2120.jpg
XIMG_2120.jpg
XIMG_2127.jpg
XIMG_2127.jpg
XIMG_2128.jpg
XIMG_2128.jpg
XIMG_2130.jpg
XIMG_2130.jpg
XIMG_2135.jpg
XIMG_2135.jpg
Tombs
Tombs
Former Islam Khodja Madrassa - Now a Restaurant
Former Islam Khodja Madrassa - Now a Restaurant
Russian School
Russian School
Islam Khoja Minaret
Islam Khoja Minaret
xIMG_2192.jpg
xIMG_2192.jpg
Pahklavan Mahmoud  Mosque
Pahklavan Mahmoud Mosque
Pahklavan Mahmoud Mausoleum
Pahklavan Mahmoud Mausoleum
XIMG_2150.jpg
XIMG_2150.jpg
Pahklavan Mahmoud Mausoleum
Pahklavan Mahmoud Mausoleum
Southern Portal
Southern Portal
Hujra Cells - Hostel
Hujra Cells - Hostel
Portarit of Pakhlavan Mahmoud
Portarit of Pakhlavan Mahmoud
XIMG_2158.jpg
XIMG_2158.jpg
XIMG_2159.jpg
XIMG_2159.jpg
Prayers and Offerings with Iman
Prayers and Offerings with Iman
Dome Ceiling
Dome Ceiling
Mahmoud's Tomb
Mahmoud's Tomb
XIMG_2167.jpg
XIMG_2167.jpg
Screen Door to Mahmoud's Tomb
Screen Door to Mahmoud's Tomb
XIMG_2172.jpg
XIMG_2172.jpg
Worshippers at Tomb
Worshippers at Tomb
Cemetery
Cemetery
Juma Masjidi Mosque
Juma Masjidi Mosque
XIMG_2206.jpg
XIMG_2206.jpg
XIMG_2209.jpg
XIMG_2209.jpg
Original Pillar - 10th Century
Original Pillar - 10th Century
XIMG_2215.jpg
XIMG_2215.jpg
XIMG_2222.jpg
XIMG_2222.jpg
XIMG_2223.jpg
XIMG_2223.jpg
Shali Khor Mosque
Shali Khor Mosque
East Gate
East Gate
Polvon Darvoza Gate (Strongman or Athlete's Gate)
Polvon Darvoza Gate (Strongman or Athlete's Gate)
XIMG_2234.jpg
XIMG_2234.jpg
XIMG_2235.jpg
XIMG_2235.jpg
XIMG_2237.jpg
XIMG_2237.jpg
XIMG_2238.jpg
XIMG_2238.jpg
Tash-Khauli Palace
Tash-Khauli Palace
Tash Kauli Palace
Tash Kauli Palace
Tash-Khauli Palace
Tash-Khauli Palace
Tash Kauli Palace
Tash Kauli Palace
Harem Room
Harem Room
Allakulikhan Madrassah
Allakulikhan Madrassah
Kunya Ark
Kunya Ark
XIMG_2255.jpg
XIMG_2255.jpg
XIMG_2256.jpg
XIMG_2256.jpg
Reception Hall
Reception Hall
XIMG_2272.jpg
XIMG_2272.jpg
Khan of Khiva
Khan of Khiva
Khan of Khiva and Officials
Khan of Khiva and Officials
Khan's Prime Minister
Khan's Prime Minister
Images from Atop the Harem Tower
Images from Atop the Harem Tower
City Walls
City Walls
View of Kalta Minor and Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa from Harem Tower
View of Kalta Minor and Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassa from Harem Tower
XIMG_2289.jpg
XIMG_2289.jpg
XIMG_2291.jpg
XIMG_2291.jpg
XIMG_2295.jpg
XIMG_2295.jpg
XIMG_2302.jpg
XIMG_2302.jpg
XIMG_2303.jpg
XIMG_2303.jpg
XIMG_2304.jpg
XIMG_2304.jpg
XIMG_2306.jpg
XIMG_2306.jpg
XIMG_2316.jpg
XIMG_2316.jpg
XIMG_2318.jpg
XIMG_2318.jpg
XIMG_2329.jpg
XIMG_2329.jpg
XIMG_1995.jpg
XIMG_1995.jpg
XIMG_2338.jpg
XIMG_2338.jpg
West Gate
West Gate
Koy Darvaz Gate
Koy Darvaz Gate
Walls of the Outer Town
Walls of the Outer Town
Courtyards
Courtyards
Views of Khiva
Views of Khiva