photo sharing and upload picture albums photo forums search pictures popular photos photography help login
Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt | profile | all galleries >> The Kibeho Tragedy (Rwanda, April-May 1995) through the lens of Mark Cuthbert-Brown WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

The Kibeho Tragedy (Rwanda, April-May 1995) through the lens of Mark Cuthbert-Brown WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT

How was it possible that two thousand persons, mostly women and children, could be massacred while living in an internationally designated camp for displaced persons in a small country with an overwhelming presence of international agencies? This happened in post-genocide Rwanda during the army’s operation to close Kibeho camp, despite a presence that included more than a dozen UN agencies, 120 non-governmental organizations and 5,500 UN peacekeepers. In her monograph, "The Protection Gap in the International Protection of Internally Displaced Persons: The Case of Rwanda," Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt analyzes how the framework of cooperation between the international agencies and the Rwandan government failed. In so doing, she exposes broader challenges and flaws in international responses to complex emergencies, including lack of awareness of legal norms and weak UN inter-agency coordination. Her monograph builds upon the first edition by assessing the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement as a tool for advocacy for the rights of the displaced through a case study of the 1997-1999 displacement crisis in Northwest Rwanda. She proposes measures for the improvement of the international system of protection of internally displaced persons. The book is available from the United Nations Bookstore in New York or from the Graduate Institute of International Studies of the University of Geneva (using the order form included on the last page of this album).

The photos in this album were taken in April and May 2005 by Mark Cuthbert-Brown, Provost Marshal of the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR), with the assistance of John Cleland from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
previous pagepages 1 2 3 4 5 6 ALL next page
Aerial view of Kibeho from the south, 22 April 1995
Aerial view of Kibeho from the south, 22 April 1995
explanation of the view of Kibeho from the south
explanation of the view of Kibeho from the south
25-50507527.MarksRwandaFile0232wtmk.jpg
25-50507527.MarksRwandaFile0232wtmk.jpg
50507523.MarksRwandaFile0228wtmk.jpg
50507523.MarksRwandaFile0228wtmk.jpg
Views from within the Zambian Company of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) at about 14:30 on Tuesday, 18 April 1995. Note the relative calm, despite great pressure around the camp, which, in some places has broken down razor-wire fencing.  Note also the high proportion of adult and adolescent males and attempts being made to identify the corpses of those killed in an earlier crush.  The Zambian captian is holding a pistol (apparently concerned about the possibility of his base being run-over in another outbreak of disorder).
50507543.MarksRwandaFile0248wtmk.jpg

Views from within the Zambian Company of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) at about 14:30 on Tuesday, 18 April 1995. Note the relative calm, despite great pressure around the camp, which, in some places has broken down razor-wire fencing. Note also the high proportion of adult and adolescent males and attempts being made to identify the corpses of those killed in an earlier crush. The Zambian captian is holding a pistol (apparently concerned about the possibility of his base being run-over in another outbreak of disorder).

2-50507555.MarksRwandaFile0256wtmk.jpg
2-50507555.MarksRwandaFile0256wtmk.jpg
Views from within the Zambian Company of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) at about 14:30 on Tuesday, 18 April 1995. Note the relative calm, despite great pressure around the camp, which, in some places has broken down razor-wire fencing. Note also the high proportion of adult and adolescenace males.
10-50507542.MarksRwandaFile0247wtmk.jpg

Views from within the Zambian Company of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) at about 14:30 on Tuesday, 18 April 1995. Note the relative calm, despite great pressure around the camp, which, in some places has broken down razor-wire fencing. Note also the high proportion of adult and adolescenace males.

Taken between 13:30 and 13:00 on Tuesday, 18 April 

Views of the deserted part of Kibeho Camp on the road from Rwamiko. Note the complete abandonment of the camp outskirts.
1-50507554.MarksRwandaFile0255wtmk.jpg

Taken between 13:30 and 13:00 on Tuesday, 18 April

Views of the deserted part of Kibeho Camp on the road from Rwamiko. Note the complete abandonment of the camp outskirts.

21-50507531.MarksRwandaFile0236wtmk.jpg
21-50507531.MarksRwandaFile0236wtmk.jpg
Views from within the Zambian Company of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) at about 14:30 on Tuesday, 18 April 1995. Note the relative calm, despite great pressure around the camp, which, in some places has broken down razor-wire fencing.
8-50507545.MarksRwandaFile0249wtmk.jpg

Views from within the Zambian Company of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) at about 14:30 on Tuesday, 18 April 1995. Note the relative calm, despite great pressure around the camp, which, in some places has broken down razor-wire fencing.

50507553.MarksRwandaFile0254wtmk.jpg
50507553.MarksRwandaFile0254wtmk.jpg
50507526.MarksRwandaFile0231wtmk.jpg
50507526.MarksRwandaFile0231wtmk.jpg
previous pagepages 1 2 3 4 5 6 ALL next page