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ANDALUCIA

In the 11th cent. B.C., the Phoenicians settled there and founded several coastal colonies, notably Gadir (now Cádiz and, supposedly, the inland town of Tartessus, which became the capital of a flourishing kingdom (sometimes identified with the biblical Tarshish). Greeks and Carthaginians came in the 6th cent. B.C.; the Carthaginians were expelled (3d cent. B.C.) by the Romans, who included S Spain in the province of Baetica. The emperors Trajan, Hadrian, and Theodosius were born in the region.
Visigoths ended Roman rule in the 5th cent. A.D., and in 711 the Moors, crossing the Strait of Gibraltar, established there the center of their western emirate (see Córdoba). Andalusia remained under Moorish rule until most of it was conquered in the 13th cent. by the kings of Castile; the Moorish kingdom of Granada survived; it, too, fell to the Catholic kings in 1492. The Moorish period was the golden age of Andalusia. Agriculture, mining, trade, and industries (textiles, pottery, and leather working) were fostered and brought tremendous prosperity; the Andalusian cities of Córdoba, Seville, and Granada, embellished by the greatest Moorish monuments in Spain, were celebrated as centers of culture, science, and the arts.
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Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos. Grazalema
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos. Grazalema
Ubrique
Ubrique
Ubrique
Ubrique
Olvera
Olvera
Olvera
Olvera
Olvera
Olvera
Olvera
Olvera
Setenil de las Bodegas
Setenil de las Bodegas
Setenil de las Bodegas
Setenil de las Bodegas
Life under the rock - Setenil de las Bodegas
Life under the rock - Setenil de las Bodegas
Baeza. Plaza de los Leones
Baeza. Plaza de los Leones
Baeza
Baeza
Baeza. Antigua Universidad S.Juan Evangelista
Baeza. Antigua Universidad S.Juan Evangelista
Baeza. Fuente de Santa María
Baeza. Fuente de Santa María
Baeza. Santa Iglesia Catedral
Baeza. Santa Iglesia Catedral
Baeza
Baeza
Baeza. Puerta de Jaén y Arco de Villalar
Baeza. Puerta de Jaén y Arco de Villalar
Baeza. Monumento a Antonio Machado
Baeza. Monumento a Antonio Machado
Baeza. Palacio de Jabalquinto
Baeza. Palacio de Jabalquinto
Baeza
Baeza
Escudo de Baeza
Escudo de Baeza
Calles de Baeza
Calles de Baeza
Baeza
Baeza
Alrededores de Baeza
Alrededores de Baeza
Baeza. Iglesia de Santa  Cruz
Baeza. Iglesia de Santa Cruz
Ubeda. Palacio del Conde de Guadiana
Ubeda. Palacio del Conde de Guadiana
Ubeda.Iglesia de Santa María de los Reales Alcázares
Ubeda.Iglesia de Santa María de los Reales Alcázares
Ubeda. Antiguas Casas Consistoriales
Ubeda. Antiguas Casas Consistoriales
Ubeda. Plaza de Andalucia
Ubeda. Plaza de Andalucia
Basílica de Santa María de la Asunción (Arcos de la Frontera)
Basílica de Santa María de la Asunción (Arcos de la Frontera)
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Castillo de Arcos de la Frontera
Castillo de Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
Arcos de la Frontera
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