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ANDALUCIA

In the 11th cent. B.C., the Phoenicians settled there and founded several coastal colonies, notably Gadir (now Cádiz and, supposedly, the inland town of Tartessus, which became the capital of a flourishing kingdom (sometimes identified with the biblical Tarshish). Greeks and Carthaginians came in the 6th cent. B.C.; the Carthaginians were expelled (3d cent. B.C.) by the Romans, who included S Spain in the province of Baetica. The emperors Trajan, Hadrian, and Theodosius were born in the region.
Visigoths ended Roman rule in the 5th cent. A.D., and in 711 the Moors, crossing the Strait of Gibraltar, established there the center of their western emirate (see Córdoba). Andalusia remained under Moorish rule until most of it was conquered in the 13th cent. by the kings of Castile; the Moorish kingdom of Granada survived; it, too, fell to the Catholic kings in 1492. The Moorish period was the golden age of Andalusia. Agriculture, mining, trade, and industries (textiles, pottery, and leather working) were fostered and brought tremendous prosperity; the Andalusian cities of Córdoba, Seville, and Granada, embellished by the greatest Moorish monuments in Spain, were celebrated as centers of culture, science, and the arts.
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Ronda
Ronda
Ronda. Iglesia de Santa Maria la Mayor
Ronda. Iglesia de Santa Maria la Mayor
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda. Casa de Don Juan Bosco
Ronda. Casa de Don Juan Bosco
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda.
Ronda.
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda. Puente Nuevo
Ronda. Puente Nuevo
Ronda. Iglesia de Padre Jesús
Ronda. Iglesia de Padre Jesús
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda. Santuario de la Virgen de la Paz
Ronda. Santuario de la Virgen de la Paz
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda
Serrania de Ronda
Serrania de Ronda
Zahara de la Sierra. Capilla de San Juan de Letrán
Zahara de la Sierra. Capilla de San Juan de Letrán
Embalse de Zahara
Embalse de Zahara
Zahara de la Sierra
Zahara de la Sierra
Zahara de la Sierra
Zahara de la Sierra
Embalse de Zahara
Embalse de Zahara
Zahara de la Sierra
Zahara de la Sierra
Zahara de la Sierra
Zahara de la Sierra
Embalse de Zahara
Embalse de Zahara
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos. Grazalema
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos. Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazaleman
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazaleman
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Parque Natural de la Sierra de Grazalema
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos. Grazalema
Ruta de los Pueblos Blancos. Grazalema
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