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ANDALUCIA

In the 11th cent. B.C., the Phoenicians settled there and founded several coastal colonies, notably Gadir (now Cádiz and, supposedly, the inland town of Tartessus, which became the capital of a flourishing kingdom (sometimes identified with the biblical Tarshish). Greeks and Carthaginians came in the 6th cent. B.C.; the Carthaginians were expelled (3d cent. B.C.) by the Romans, who included S Spain in the province of Baetica. The emperors Trajan, Hadrian, and Theodosius were born in the region.
Visigoths ended Roman rule in the 5th cent. A.D., and in 711 the Moors, crossing the Strait of Gibraltar, established there the center of their western emirate (see Córdoba). Andalusia remained under Moorish rule until most of it was conquered in the 13th cent. by the kings of Castile; the Moorish kingdom of Granada survived; it, too, fell to the Catholic kings in 1492. The Moorish period was the golden age of Andalusia. Agriculture, mining, trade, and industries (textiles, pottery, and leather working) were fostered and brought tremendous prosperity; the Andalusian cities of Córdoba, Seville, and Granada, embellished by the greatest Moorish monuments in Spain, were celebrated as centers of culture, science, and the arts.
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Córdoba. Mosaico sobre la Iglesia de San Lorenzo
Córdoba. Mosaico sobre la Iglesia de San Lorenzo
Córdoba. Iglesia y  Colegio de Santa Victoria
Córdoba. Iglesia y Colegio de Santa Victoria
Córdoba. Mezquita Catedral. Fachada Este
Córdoba. Mezquita Catedral. Fachada Este
Córdoba
Córdoba
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Patio de los Naranjos
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Patio de los Naranjos
Córdoba
Córdoba
Córdoba. Rio Guadalquivir
Córdoba. Rio Guadalquivir
Córdoba. Palacio de Congresos.
Córdoba. Palacio de Congresos.
Córdoba. Judería
Córdoba. Judería
Córdoba. Plaza de la Corredera
Córdoba. Plaza de la Corredera
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Patio de los Naranjos
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Patio de los Naranjos
Córdoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Puerta del Perdón
Córdoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Puerta del Perdón
Córdoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Puerta del Perdón
Córdoba. Mezquita-Catedral. Puerta del Perdón
Córdoba.Torre de la Catedral
Córdoba.Torre de la Catedral
Córdoba. Plaza del Potro
Córdoba. Plaza del Potro
Córdoba. Mezquita-Catedral
Córdoba. Mezquita-Catedral
Patio Cordobés
Patio Cordobés
Córdoba. Plaza de los Capuchinos
Córdoba. Plaza de los Capuchinos
Córdoba. Organo de la Mezquita
Córdoba. Organo de la Mezquita
Córdoba. Plaza de la Corredera
Córdoba. Plaza de la Corredera
Patio Cordobés
Patio Cordobés
Cordoba. Puente Romano sobre el Guadalquivir
Cordoba. Puente Romano sobre el Guadalquivir
Córdoba, Mezquita-Catedral
Córdoba, Mezquita-Catedral
Córdoba. Calleja de las Flores
Córdoba. Calleja de las Flores
Córdoba. Puerta de Calahorra
Córdoba. Puerta de Calahorra
Patio Cordobés
Patio Cordobés
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral
Patio Cordobés
Patio Cordobés
Córdoba. Puerta de Almodóvar
Córdoba. Puerta de Almodóvar
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral
Cordoba. Mezquita-Catedral
Cordoba. Puerta del Puente
Cordoba. Puerta del Puente
Cordoba.El Sol iluminando la Mazquita-Catedral
Cordoba.El Sol iluminando la Mazquita-Catedral
Ronda. Arco de Felipe V
Ronda. Arco de Felipe V
Serrania de Ronda
Serrania de Ronda
Ronda. Puente Viejo
Ronda. Puente Viejo
Ronda. Iglesia de Santa Maria la Mayor
Ronda. Iglesia de Santa Maria la Mayor
Ronda
Ronda
Ronda. Iglesia de Santa Maria la Mayor
Ronda. Iglesia de Santa Maria la Mayor
Ronda. Iglesia de la Paz
Ronda. Iglesia de la Paz
Ronda
Ronda
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