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American Civil War

The American Civil War, also known as the War Between the States, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 in the United States of America after seven Southern slave states declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America. The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of bloody combat that left over 600,000 soldiers dead and destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and the difficult Reconstruction process of restoring national unity and guaranteeing rights to the freed slaves began. (The photos are not always in chronological order. I've changed the order when I thought it would tell the story better.)
Slave ship 1835 1937 1852 - Illustration from Uncle Tom's Cabin, 1st edition
Slave pen Five generations of slaves 1862 - Preparing cotton for the gin c. 1850 - Freemen of Color November 1860
November 1860 - Lincoln Column raised in honor of the 1860 election 1861 - Abraham Lincoln December 20, 1860 April 1861 - Fort Sumter under Confederate control Jefferson Davis
1861 - Little drummer boy Native Americans enlisting in the Union Army 1861 - Confederate Army Private Edwin Francis Jemison Robert E. Lee 1861 - Domestic camp life
Playing cards 1861 - View of Georgetown July 1861 - House used as hospital for both 1st & 2nd Battles of Bull Run July 1861 - After the Battle of Bull Run September 1861 - Union Cavalry at Sudley Springs
February 1862 - Ulysses S. Grant 1862 - Union officer with escaped slave Union soldier chopping wood March 1862 - Soldiers kneeling before graves Horse-drawn ambulance
March 19, 1862 - Envelope March 1862 - Union ironclad warship Galena March 1862 - Sailors on the ironclad warship The Monitor March 1862 - The 150th Pennsylvania Infantry camp 1862
April 1862 - Confederate soldier April 1862 - Union officers before the Battle of Shiloh April 1862 - At the Battle of Shiloh April 1862 - Group of contraband Engine Firefly of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad
Union drummer boy Gilbert A. Marbury May 1862 - Siege artillery May 1862 - Federal encampment at Cumberland Landing, Virginia Peninsula June 1862 - House on Fair Oaks battlefield used as a hospital June 1862 - Union field hospital
September 1862 - Bridge destroyed September 1862 - Bridge at Antietam September 1862 - Bodies and a pair of shoes September 1862 - Awaiting burial September 1862 - Burial crew of Union soldiers
September 1862 - Union soldier is buried while Confederate lies unburied October 3, 1862 - (L-R) Alan Pinkerton, Lincoln, Gen. John A. McClernand October 1862 - President Lincoln with General McClellan November 1862 - Battle damage December 1862 - Union soldiers outside the Marye house
1862 - Game Board Winter 1862-63 - Picnic by ruined bridge at Blackburn's Ford 1862-1865 - Chain Bridge over the Potomac River 1863 - Army Bread c. 1863 - Trinity Episcopal Church and the unfinished Capitol building
Female combat soldier alias Jack Williams Emancipation Proclamation 1863 - Company E 4th USCT (United States Colored Troops) 1863 - Slave pen Penny-sized token issued privately
February 1863 - Commissary clerks April-May 1863 - Union troops in trenches May-June 1863 - Camp during the Siege of Vicksburg May 3, 1863 - Confederate dead at Marye's Heights July 1863 - McPherson's Woods
July 1863 - Union dead at Gettysburg July 1863 - Confederate sharpshooter July 1863 - Headquarters of General Lee July 1863 - Captured confederates New York 7th Regiment on guard during New York City draft riots
August 1863 - Union non-commissioned officers mess 1863 - Newspaper vendor with Union soldiers Battlefield church September 9, 1863 - Battle of Chickamauga September 1863 - Drummer boy Johnny Clem
Federal recruiting poster 1860's - Tad Lincoln 1864 - Union soldiers in front of Arlington House 1864 - Union officers and ladies at a garrison house Handmade Confederate playing cards
c. 1864 - 134th Illinois Regiment Hanover Junction 1864 - Ferryboat converted into a gunboat Union gunboat Mendota March 1864 - Scouts and guides for the Army of the Potomac
May 2, 1864 - Confederate wounded after the battle of Spotsylvania May 1864 - Soldiers bathing 1864 - Wounded Union soldiers May 19, 1864 - Confederate killed in attack on the Alsop farm May 20, 1864 - Dead Confederate soldiers gathered for burial
May 21, 1864 - Council of War May 1864 - Pontoon bridge across the North Anna River June 1864 - Collecting the remains of soldiers killed in battle June 20, 1864 - A deserter hanged July 1864 - Bomb-proof headquarters
1864- Former auction house for slaves August 1864 - Union soldiers' living quarters August 1864 - Cock fight 1864 - Harewood General Hospital c. 1864 - Embalming shack
Embalming a dead soldier 1864 - Atlanta railroad yards Fortifications protecting Atlanta (1863-1864) 1864 - Union soldiers drawing water from a well to fill their water cart General William Tecumseh Sherman
Sheet music September 2, 1864 - Atlanta falls to Union forces September 1864 - The Ponder House September 1864 - Atlanta town hall with Union camp 1864 - Railroad roundhouse in ruins
November 1864 - Union pickets outside occupied Atlanta November 1864 - Sharpshooters December 1864 - Siege gun at Fort McAllister City Point, Virginia (Winter 1864-1865) 1865 - Damaged property
c. 1865 - Abandoned slave pen 1865 - Freedom Fighter February 5, 1865 - Abraham Lincoln March 4, 1865 - Lincoln delivering his 2nd inaugural address April 1865 - Federal army wagon train
April 1, 1865 - Dead Confederate soldier 1865 - Orphan Asylum used as a hospital for wounded Federal soldiers 1865 - Charleston,  South Carolina 1865 - Charleston, South Carolina 1865 - Charleston, South Carolina
1865 - Beacon on Fort Sumter, deserted 1865 - Clara Barton April 1865 - Richmond, Virginia April 1865 - Richmond, Virginia April 1865 - Still tending the children
April 4, 1865 - Confederate White House April 3, 1865 - Dead Confederate soldier inside Fort Mahone April 1865 - Union soldiers outside court house April 14, 1865 - Special performance 1865 - Ford's Theater
Between 1855 and 1865 - Laura Keene John Wilkes Booth House in which Lincoln died April 15, 1865 - Bed on which Lincoln died April 1865 - Wanted poster
c. 1865 - Boston Corbett 1865 - Lincoln Mourning Pin April 19, 1865 - Lincolnís funeral procession April 21, 1865 - Locomotive for Lincoln's funeral train 1865 - Lincoln's hearse
July 7, 1865 - Conspirators in Lincoln's assassination being prepared for hanging July 7, 1965 - Conspirators in assassination of Lincoln hanged June 9, 1865 - A number of contraband Summer 1865 - High Bridge July 1865 - Flowers in bloom where soldiers died
c. 1865 - Soldiers' Cemetery Veterans Veteran Samuel Decker 1875 - Alexander Stephens with servant 1913 - Reunion of Gettysburg veterans
c. 1916 - Slaves Reunion Civil War figures
Civil War figures
Civil War Paintings
Civil War Paintings