Cienfuegos (literal translation "Hundred fires") is a city on the southern coast of Cuba, capital of Cienfuegos Province.
It is located about 250 km (160 mi) from Havana, and has a population of 150,000.
The city is dubbed La Perla del Sur (Pearl of the South).
It is one of the chief seaports of Cuba, and a center of the sugar trade, as well as coffee and tobacco.
While sugarcane is the chief crop, local farmers also grow coffee.
The downtown contains 6 buildings from 1819–50, 327 buildings from 1851–1900, and 1188 buildings from the 20th century.
There is no other place in the Caribbean which contains such a remarkable cluster of Neoclassical structures.