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Chapultepec (Chapoltep¨¥c, "at the grasshopper's hill" in the Nahuatl language; cf. Mexican Spanish chapul¨ªn (grasshopper)) is a large hill on the outskirts of central Mexico City. It has been a special place for Mexicans throughout Mexican history, and it was on this hill that the Aztecs made a temporary home after arriving from northern Mexico in the 1200s.
Chapultepec Park, which consists of the hill and 1,600 acres (6.5 km2) of surrounding land, has many attractions, including Chapultepec Castle, where Maximilian I of Mexico and Empress Carlota of Mexico once lived. The castle's sumptuous interior now houses the National History Museum.
The eastern portion of the park has contained the official residences of the President of Mexico. Chapultepec Castle served as both military academy and presidential residence until 1934. At that time President L¨¢zaro C¨¢rdenas moved to the more modern Los Pinos residence and office complex, adjacent to Calle Molino del Rey, which remains the official residence today.