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Dick Osseman | profile | all galleries >> Kozan pictures - castle and town near Adana tree view | thumbnails | slideshow | map

Kozan pictures - castle and town near Adana

Bütün Türkiye resimleri için buraya basınız
Click here for my page with very many Turkish cities

Comments can be written but are only visible after I have checked them: these pages are not forums for political debate - nor to just let the world know you exist!

Yorum yazabilirsiniz ama yorumlarınızı ben kontrol ettikten sonra sitede görebilirsiniz. Bu sayfalar politik tartışmalar ya da dünyaya hayatta olduğunuzu duyurmak için hazırlanmış forumlar değil!


The Kozan Castle was built by the Assyrians according to the Adana brochure. Of strategic importance, it was later taken by Abbasids in the 9th century. In the 11th century the Seljuk took over, next came the crusaders and the Armenians.
From another source some of the history seems slightly different. This indicates Kozan town lies on the place of the antique Sisium. This Hellinistic-Roman name continued to be used during the Middle Ages, when the Byzantine stronghold of Sis was built (according to what is mentioned above one should say: rebuilt, since this is the same castle).
This source does not mention Seljuk possession, but names the Armenian Thoros II (1145-1169) as the conqueror (with the help of Prince Raymond of Antioch) of this and several other castles (like Anavarza), taking them directly from the Byzantines. In 1152 his position was strengthened when he was victorious against the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus. After in 1199 Leon I Rubenian was crowned king in the Tarsus cathedral, Sis became the place of residence of the rulers of Armenia Minor. Much later, in 1374, Leon Y de Lusignan and his wife Marguerite of Soissons were crowned in the Sofia Cathedral in Sis. Already in 1375 the Mameluks conquered the town, extending their already strong grip on the region.
The Adana travel brochure indicates the town was of religious importance because each three years oil for baptism (which does not only involve water, but also anointment) was produced here. The Hoşkadem Mosque in the heart of town was built in 1448 by an Egyptian king and is a fine and curious building, with its ribbed ceiling. This seems to be typical of Mameluk building, as is its lone galleried minaret and two two-coloured striped portal.

In September i returned, I show pictures now but will sort them out a bit later. I will also put the castle pictures in a gallery within the Kozan one, they're getting too many. Though I rarely provide links I think the next one may be nice for people interested in the town: http://www.kozandiyari.com
Note that I used Adana as a basis to visit Ceyhan, Tumlu Castle, Yumurtalık, Yılankale or Snake Castle, Kozan, Anavarza and saw a Kurdish Spring Festival near Ceyhan
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Kozan castle
Kozan castle
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