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Dick Osseman | profile | all galleries >> Istanbul >> Museums - Müzeler >> Aya Sofya tree view | thumbnails | slideshow | map

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Aya Sofya

Bütün Türkiye resimleri için buraya basınız veya Istanbul sayfa veya müzeler,
Istanbul start page, or to a large collection of just museums to Start page for other Turkish cities


Note the complex is so large it houses several separate sights. One of them is a mosque. Another is a number of tombs for sultans. And then there is a carpet museum.

The Aya Sofia (also Haghia Sophia) is a museum nowadays. It was founded as a church on a place where earlier another church stood. That was inaugurated on 15-2-360 during the reign of Constantius, son of Constantine the Great. That one was set alight and burned. During the Nika-uprising in 532 the Great Church, started under Theodosius II, which was the next church on that place, was also destroyed. Remains of that church can be seen at the West of the current church. That was built in 5 years and inaugurated by Justinian on 27-12-537, with the words “Praise the Lord who found me worthy to finish this project. Salomon, I have surpassed you.” (in Greek, I suppose). After Mehmet the Conqueror took the city in 1453 he had the church transferred into a mosque. The mosaics were covered with whitewash. In 1934 they were uncovered. For a long time the dome has been invisible due to restoration work. In august 2010 the focus of restoration changed, see for instance an article about "new" angel mosaics that were uncovered during restoration. You may want to compare the pictures with Little Aya Sofia (no mosaics), Kariye Church, Pammakaristos Church, or with those of Cappadocia Churches at Göreme Open Air Museum. You may also want to tee the Sultans' mausolea that are on the same grounds but (in December 2009 at least) a different entrance.


The Turkish government site for a change is quite good on this subject, with images where you can yourself handle you point of view and what to look at (resolution is OK). Quick Time required. Navigation is intuitive. They give a good feel of what a visit might be like. A couple of presentations of my pictures with music and some visual effects first one, second one have been prepared by some admirer.


Ayasofya (Haghia Sophia) günümüzde bir müzedir. Öncesinde başka bir kilisenin bulunduğu bir yere inşa edildi. Büyük Konstantin’in oğlu Konstantius döneminde, 15.02.360 tarihinde törenle açıldı. Bu kilise yandı. II. Theodosius döneminde aynı yerde açılan diğer kilise, 532’de Nika isyanı sırasında harap edildi. Bu kiliseden kalanlar şimdiki kilisenin batı bölümünde görülebilir. Son olarak Ayasofya Kilisesi 5 yılda inşa edildi ve Justinian tarafından 27.12.537’de “Beni bu projeyi bitirmeye layık gören Tanrý’ya şükürler olsun. Salamon, seni geçtim!” sözleriyle açıldı (sanırım Yunanca). Fatih Sultan Mehmet 1453’te şehri aldıktan sonra kiliseyi bir camiye dönüştürdü. Mozaikler, badanayla kapatıldı. 1934’te tekrar üzerleri açıldı.
Bu mozaiklerle başlıyorum, yavaş yavaş binanın diğer bölümlerini gösteriyorum. Daha sonra bendeki başka resimleri de ekleyeceğim. Son ziyaretimde (Aralýk 2004), restorasyon çalışmasından dolayı ana bölüm açık değildi. Resimleri, Göreme Açık Hava Müzesi'ndeki Kapadokya Kiliseleriyle karşılaştırmak isteyebilirsiniz.


Türkçe çeviri: Melek Emir. Katkılarından dolayı teşekkür ederim.

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