Near my hotel in the heart of town there was this türbe or grave monument, as so often people seemed to consider is a holy place, one could often see people pray at what must be a window to the under part (for as far as I know the upper part will often house a cenotaph, the actual burial place is in the lower part). A sign said this is the Sadredin Konevi. However, a mosque nearby had a note: Derviş Ağa Camii (mosque) ve Türbesi dating to 1129.
Many Seljuk (and later Seljuk-style) mausolea are a stone evocation of the pre-islamic funeral hills of the nomads of Central Asia. During their lives, prominent clan members had their funeral hill (‘kurgan’) prepared; when death came, a circular tent was erected on top of the kurgan, and the deceased’s body was laid out, in order to be greeted a last time by the clan members. After this greeting period, the body was placed in the burial chamber inside the kurgan.
A ‘tent-style’ Seljuk Türbe has two parts: a circular or polygonal room with a pyramidal or cone roof, where a cenotaph sarcophagus can be visited and honoured; this is the part referring to the funeral tent. Beneath this ornamented construction the real burial chamber (‘cenazelik’ or ‘mumyalık’) is to be found, where the deceased’s remains were buried; this is the part referring to the burial hill.
Correspondent: J.M.Criel, Antwerpen.