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Dick Osseman | all galleries >> Cappadocia pictures start page >> Göreme Open Air Museum >> Karanlik or Dark Church > Göreme Museum Karanlik Church 6874.jpg
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Göreme Museum Karanlik Church 6874.jpg
15-MAR-2004

Göreme Museum Karanlik Church 6874.jpg

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A viewer commented: Upper part: Evangelists St. John and St. Mark
Below, left to right: St. Theodora(?) Stt. Kosma and Damian.

From Enc, Britt.: both b. traditionally Cilicia region, Asia Minor [Turkey]—d. c. 303, Cilicia; feast day, Eastern church, October 27; Western church, September 27), martyrs and patron saints of physicians. They were brothers, perhaps twins, but little is known with certainty about their lives or martyrdom.

According to Christian tradition, Cosmas and Damian were educated in Syria and became distinguished physicians in Cilicia, where their charity converted many to Christianity. Because they refused payment for their services, they were called the “silverless ones.” Imprisoned during the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian, they were tortured and finally beheaded, their bodies being taken to Syria for burial. By the mid-5th century their cult had become so widespread that churches were erected in their honour in various Eastern cities, including Constantinople (now Istanbul). Pope Symmachus (498–514) dedicated an oratory to them, and by 530 Pope Felix IV had erected a church in their honour at Rome. Various early accounts of their lives and martyrdom gave rise to many legends.

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Nikos 05-Oct-2008 16:08
it is not St. Theodora but St. Theodoti mother of St. Kosmas and Damianos
Sbdn Vladimir 06-Jul-2006 21:12
Upper part: Evangelists St. John and St. Mark
Below, left to right: St. Theodora(?) Stt. Kosma and Damian