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Dick Osseman | all galleries >> Erzurum Turkey >> The Çifte Minare Medresi in Erzurum > Cifte minaret medrese Erzurum
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Cifte minaret medrese Erzurum

Cifte minaret medrese Erzurum

The Çifte Minareli Medrese (Koran School with two minarets) was built in 1253 by the Seljuk sultan Alaeddin Kaykobad II. At the south side a türbe (grave monument) was added for his daughter Hatun in 1255. As so often with Seljuk stonework the portal is amazing. The two minarets are of brick with blue faience decoration.

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Guest 16-Jan-2006 05:27
I meant to post this at the main page. My apologies.
Simon 16-Jan-2006 05:25
Erzrum has had too many names, but to mention a few: Karin, Anastasupolis, Arz, Arzan, Arzan ar-Rum, Arzarum, Arzn Rum, Barandis, Galigula, Garanedis, Garanide, Teodosoplos, Kalikala, Karana, Karanatide, Karen, Karna kalaki, Karentis, Qarin, etc.

The earliest name of Erzerum was perhaps Karin, the name of which is linked to the king Karanni of Hayasa (Armenians still call their country Hayastan) from the 2th millenia, B.C.E.

Between 6 century b.C.E. - 5 century C.E., Karin was the center of the Karin region of the Armenian kingdoms (respectively, Yervanduni, Artashesyan and Arshakuni).

In 421, by the order of the Byzantine Emperor Teodos the Second, general Anatol built new buildings in Karin, and the city was renamed Teodusopolis (this time the region was under Byzantine rule). In 885C.E., when Armenia declared its independence again under the Bagratunis, Karin became part of Armenia again (but in 949C.E. it was taken again by the Byzantines).

In 1049C.E., when the Seljuk-Turks completly destroyed the Armenian city of Arzn (Artsn), the survivors of the latter city came to Karin and called it Arzn too, which made the Arabs to call the city Arzn Rum (the Arzn of the Byzantines/Romans), hence the name Arzrum->Erzrum.

Source: Dictionary of Toponomy of Armenia and Adjacent Territories, vol. 3