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Chen WS | profile | all galleries >> Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park



The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is located in East Java, Indonesia, to the southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java. It has a sand sea, the Tengger Sand Sea, across which is the caldera of an ancient volcano (Tengger) from which four new volcanic cones have emerged. This unique feature covers a total area of 5,250 hectares at an altitude of about 2,100 m. The Tengger Sand Sea has been protected since 1919. The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park was declared a national park in 1982.

The area in and around the park is inhabited by the Tengger people, one of the few significant Hindu communities remaining on the island of Java. The local religion is a remnant from the Majapahit era and therefore quite similar to that on Bali but with even more animist elements. The Tengger people are believed to be descendents of the Majapahit empire and were driven into the hills after mass arrival in the area of Muslim Madurese in the 19th century.

The Tenggerese are basically either agriculturalists or nomadic herders. The agriculturalists generally live on the lower altitudes, while the nomads live on the higher altitudes, riding on small horses.

I had marked on this map below some of the spots that I had taken my photographs from for your reference. The yellow line marks the caldera border from the ancient volcano.




Map
Map
After work
After work
Old lady, Mt Bromo, Indonesia
Old lady, Mt Bromo, Indonesia
Street peddlar
Street peddlar
Horseman
Horseman
Souvenir seller
Souvenir seller
Biker
Biker
Farmer
Farmer
Sunrise
Sunrise
Eruption
Eruption
Breakfast
Breakfast
River of sand
River of sand
Smoking
Smoking
Rush
Rush
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Farmer
Farmer
Farmer
Farmer
Tengger horsemen
Tengger horsemen
Man and grandson
Man and grandson
Potato traders
Potato traders
Mother and child
Mother and child
Muslim man and grandson
Muslim man and grandson
Grandmother and boy in the kitchen
Grandmother and boy in the kitchen
Pura Luhur Poten
Pura Luhur Poten
Sunlight on the eruption
Sunlight on the eruption
Horse silhouette
Horse silhouette
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Sunrise
Sunrise
Sunrise
Sunrise
Sunrise, Mount Bromo
Sunrise, Mount Bromo
Tengger Horseman
Tengger Horseman
Pura Luhur Poten
Pura Luhur Poten
Mt. Bromo
Mt. Bromo
Silhouette of photographers
Silhouette of photographers
Viewing from afar
Viewing from afar
View at sunset
View at sunset
Morning skies, view from Pananjakan
Morning skies, view from Pananjakan
A quiet morning
A quiet morning