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History of Jacksonville Al

Nestled in the foothills of northeast Alabama, twelve miles north of Anniston on Highway 21, Jacksonville is a town steeped in history. The land that would become Jacksonville was purchased in 1833 from the Creek Indian Chief Ladiga. Because Ladiga was a signer of the Cusseta Treaty of 1832 under which terms the Creeks gave up their remaining lands, he was allowed to select land in the county and to have his title validated. City of Jacksonville.

Life here has long centered around education, beginning on April 16, 1834 when the town reserved a one-acre square for a schoolhouse. In 1836 the Jacksonville Academy was incorporated and 1837 saw the establishment of the Jacksonville Female Academy. In 1883 the Academy was recognized as a State Normal School and through the years, became Jacksonville State Teachers College before attaining full university status in 1966.

At one time a thriving county seat, with substantial growth, the city's tranquility was broken by the War Between the States. The greatest majority of its male citizens, including four generals and the "Gallant" Pelham from nearby Alexandria, fought for the Confederacy. Later, at various times the town was visited by Gens. Beauregard, Wheeler, Polk and B. M. Hill, who headquartered in some of the historic structures that continue to grace the city. Even today, Civil War aficionados find much of interest in Jacksonville, and many visitors trek to the City Cemetery, where the Pelham grave and monument is perhaps the most sought after attraction.

The Twentieth Century brought continued growth and change to Jacksonville. Old families and early sources of income were supplemented by many newcomers and new industry in the area. Eventually, the influx of federal dollars due to the location of Fort McClellan and the Anniston Army Depot brought additional changes and more diversity to the local population base. Growth at Jacksonville State, and the addition of industries such as Federal Mogul and Parker Hannifin boosted local employment opportunities. The closure of Fort McClellan created great anxiety in the area and in Jacksonville as the new millennium neared, but growth in the City has continued. With its attractive location, the retention of its small town charm, its high quality educational programs and the availability of developable land at reasonable prices, the City appears poised for substantial expansion in the near future.

As it was in the past, much of what is good about Jacksonville begins on the Public Square. From JSU pep rallies and city festivals to charming, locally owned shops where visitors are always treated like lifelong residents. This downtown historic district and gathering place is at the heart of the city.
The State of Alabama USA
:: The State of Alabama USA ::
Old building and things in Alabama
:: Old building and things in Alabama ::
This is a photo of the City Square looking from the north to the south.  Jacksonville is located on Hwy 21 approximately 16 miles north of Interstate 20 between Birmingham, AL and Atlanta, Georgia.
Jacksonville square.jpg

This is a photo of the City Square looking from the north to the south. Jacksonville is located on Hwy 21 approximately 16 miles north of Interstate 20 between Birmingham, AL and Atlanta, Georgia.

Built in 1852 in Jacksonville Al
Side of Ten Oaks

Built in 1852 in Jacksonville Al

Ten oaks
Ten oaks
Statue in Jacksonville's Square
Statue in Jacksonville's Square
John Horace Forney
John Horace Forney
Woods-Clark-Tealwoody 1852
Woods-Clark-Tealwoody 1852
Thomas A Walker, 1811-1888 house built in 1850 also home of William Daugette and wife Septiica Sexta Middleton Rutledge Daughter of General John H Forney
"The Magnolia"

Thomas A Walker, 1811-1888 house built in 1850 also home of William Daugette and wife Septiica Sexta Middleton Rutledge Daughter of General John H Forney

Jacksonville State University  1836
Jacksonville State University 1836
US Mail Box
US Mail Box
Old rail road tracks, still in use
Old rail road tracks, still in use
Reflections in Black and white
Reflections in Black and white
Graffiti on Bridge
Graffiti on Bridge
Morning sun and mist
Morning sun and mist
Old Bridge next to railroad tracks
Old Bridge next to railroad tracks
Shiloh Church
Shiloh Church
Lake by Aderholt Mills
Lake by Aderholt Mills
No Fishing
No Fishing
Lake at Aderholdt Mills
Lake at Aderholdt Mills
One car Bridge
One car Bridge
Lawn at Mills
Lawn at Mills
Water Wheel At Aderholdt Mill
Water Wheel At Aderholdt Mill
Lake at Mill in B&W
Lake at Mill in B&W
Old Machine Fence
Old Machine Fence
Aderholdt Mill in B&W
Aderholdt Mill in B&W
Rope Bridge
Rope Bridge
Door into Mill B&W
Door into Mill B&W
No Fishing Lake
No Fishing Lake
Destroyed home
Destroyed home