Pattani is one of the southern provinces of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south-east clockwise) Narathiwat, Yala and Songkhla. The name Pattani is actually the Thai derivation of Patani; its original name means 'this beach' in Patani Malay language. In standard Malay, it is "Pantai Ini".
Pattani is located on the Malay Peninsula, with the coast of the Gulf of Thailand in the north. In the south mountainous landscape with the Sankalakhiri mountain range, including the Budo - Su-ngai Padi National Park, is located at the border to Yala and Narathiwat, protecting hill forests with rare vegetation such as the Bangsoon palm (Johnnesteijsmannia altifon) and Takathong rattan, as well as birds like the hornbill. Namtok Sai Khao on the border with Songkhla and Yala is a forest park, remarkable for the Sai Khao waterfall.