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Maldives

Maldives



CapitalMalé
Official LanguageDivehi
Independence26 July 1965
Area298 km²
Population396,334
CurrencyMaldivian Rufiyaa (MVR)
IDD Code+960

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Maldives, officially the Republic of the Maldives and also referred to as the Maldive Islands, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean consisting of a double chain of twenty-six atolls, oriented north-south, that lie between Minicoy Island (the southernmost part of Lakshadweep, India) and the Chagos Archipelago. The chains stand in the Laccadive Sea, about 700km south-west of Sri Lanka and 400km south-west of India.

For the majority of its history, the Maldives has been an independent polity, despite three instances during which it was ruled by outside forces. In the mid-16th century, for fifteen years, the Maldives was dominated by the Portuguese Empire. In the mid-17th century, the Dutch Empire (Malabar) dominated Maldives for four months. Finally, in the late 19th century, on the brink of war, the Maldives became a British protectorate from 1887 until 1965. The Dutch referred to the islands as the "Maldivische Eilanden", while the British anglicised the local name for the islands first to the "Maldive Islands" and later to the "Maldives". The islands gained independence from the British Empire in 1965 and became a republic in 1968 ruled by a president and an authoritarian government.

The Maldives archipelago is located on top of the Chagos-Maldives-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean. Maldives also form a terrestrial eco-region together with the Chagos and the Lakshadweep. The Maldives atolls encompass a territory spread over roughly 90,000 square kilometres, making the country one of the world's most geographically dispersed. Malé is one of the Maldives' administrative divisions and, traditionally, it was the "King's Island" where the ancient Maldive royal dynasties were enthroned.


The Maldives is the smallest Asian country in both population and land area. With an average ground level elevation of 1.5m above sea level, it is the planet's lowest country. It is also the country with the lowest natural highest point in the world, at 2.4m. Forecasts of Maldives' inundation is a great concern for the Maldivian people.

Club Med Kani
Club Med Kani
Embudu Village
Embudu Village
Hulhumalé
Hulhumalé
Malé
Malé