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Brian McMorrow | profile | all galleries >> Asia >> Turkmenistan >> Merv tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

Merv

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Gateway to Merv
Gateway to Merv
Model of the archeological site of Merv, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Model of the archeological site of Merv, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Great and Small Kyz kalas, 7th Century
The Great and Small Kyz kalas, 7th Century
A large hole in the western wall of the Great Gyzgala
A large hole in the western wall of the Great Gyzgala
Kyz Kala (or Gyzgala) is Turkmen for maiden's fortress
Kyz Kala (or Gyzgala) is Turkmen for "maiden's fortress"
Corner of the Greater Kyz Kala of Merv
Corner of the Greater Kyz Kala of Merv
Corrugated walls of the Kyz Kalas of Merv are unique in Central Asia
Corrugated walls of the Kyz Kalas of Merv are unique in Central Asia
Southern wall of the Greater Kyz Kala, 7th Century
Southern wall of the Greater Kyz Kala, 7th Century
The Greater Kyz Kala was built by the Sassanians and were in use until the Mongol conquest 600 years later
The Greater Kyz Kala was built by the Sassanians and were in use until the Mongol conquest 600 years later
Entering the Greater Kyz Kala you are on the second level.  The roof has collapsed burying the ground floor
Entering the Greater Kyz Kala you are on the second level. The roof has collapsed burying the ground floor
Staircase of the Greater Kyz Kala, Merv
Staircase of the Greater Kyz Kala, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala
Greater Kyz Kala
Stairways leading up to the long-gone parapet and down to the buried ground floor
Stairways leading up to the long-gone parapet and down to the buried ground floor
The Greater Gyzgala is the most impressive of the ancient structures of Merv
The Greater Gyzgala is the most impressive of the ancient structures of Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, Merv
A group of Turkmen tourists visiting Merv
A group of Turkmen tourists visiting Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Scrubland between the Greater and Small Kyz Kala
Scrubland between the Greater and Small Kyz Kala
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
The Small Kyz Kala, also from the 7th Century
The Small Kyz Kala, also from the 7th Century
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
An ancient canal separated the Greater Kyz Kala and Small Kyz Kala
An ancient canal separated the Greater Kyz Kala and Small Kyz Kala
Ruins of the Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Ruins of the Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, 7th C. AD, Merv
Again, the roof has collapsed burying the structure in debris
Again, the roof has collapsed burying the structure in debris
Eroded corner of the Small Gyzgala
Eroded corner of the Small Gyzgala
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Buried staircase that once led to the ground floor of the Small Kyz Kala
Buried staircase that once led to the ground floor of the Small Kyz Kala
The Greater Kyz Kala from the Small Kyz Kala
The Greater Kyz Kala from the Small Kyz Kala
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
The Greater Kyz Kala from the Small Kyz Kala
The Greater Kyz Kala from the Small Kyz Kala
Greater Kyz Kala, Merv
Greater Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala looking to the Greater Kyz Kala
Small Kyz Kala looking to the Greater Kyz Kala
The south side of the Small Kyz Kala still displays the corrugated building style unique to Merv
The south side of the Small Kyz Kala still displays the corrugated building style unique to Merv
The Small Kyz Kala, Merv
The Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
Small Kyz Kala, Merv
The ancient canal in front of the Greater Gyz Gala
The ancient canal in front of the Greater Gyz Gala
The Greater Kyz Kala with a deep blue sky
The Greater Kyz Kala with a deep blue sky
Inside the Greater Kyz Kala
Inside the Greater Kyz Kala
Passageway leading to the stairs going up
Passageway leading to the stairs going up
The stairs to the ground floor buried in debris
The stairs to the ground floor buried in debris
The worn out remains of the Greater Kyz Kala's staircase
The worn out remains of the Greater Kyz Kala's staircase
The walls of Soltangala, or Sultan's Fortress, the largest of Merv's 5 ancient walled cities
The walls of Soltangala, or Sultan's Fortress, the largest of Merv's 5 ancient walled cities
Post-Mongol Timurid-era Ice House in the Abdullah Khan Kala, Merv's 4th walled city
Post-Mongol Timurid-era Ice House in the Abdullah Khan Kala, Merv's 4th walled city
Stair leading town into the Ice House
Stair leading town into the Ice House
Inside one of the Ice Houses built during Merv's Timurid era
Inside one of the Ice Houses built during Merv's Timurid era
An interesting brick of the Timurid Ice House, Merv
An interesting brick of the Timurid Ice House, Merv
Remains of stucco ornamentation
Remains of stucco ornamentation
Merv's 4th walled city, the Abdullah Khan Kala, was founded by Shahrukh (1405-1447)
Merv's 4th walled city, the Abdullah Khan Kala, was founded by Shahrukh (1405-1447)
Architectural complex (15th century) of Askhab's (7th century)
Architectural complex (15th century) of Askhab's (7th century)
Architectural complex of the Askhabs
Architectural complex of the Askhabs
The large portals (iwans) date from the Tumurid Period (15th C) while the mausoleums are from the 7th C.
The large portals (iwans) date from the Tumurid Period (15th C) while the mausoleums are from the 7th C.
The tombs belong to Al Hakim ibn Amr Al-Jifari and Buraida ibn al-Huseib al-Aslami
The tombs belong to Al Hakim ibn Amr Al-Jifari and Buraida ibn al-Huseib al-Aslami
Remains of 15th Century Timurid tile work, Merv
Remains of 15th Century Timurid tile work, Merv
The 7th Century tombs are still places of pilgrimage for the Turkmen people today
The 7th Century tombs are still places of pilgrimage for the Turkmen people today
Panorama of the massive Seljuk city walls of Soltankala
Panorama of the massive Seljuk city walls of Soltankala
The walls didn't stop the Mongols who destroyed Merv in 1221
The walls didn't stop the Mongols who destroyed Merv in 1221
Each pile of dirt is an unexcavated ruin
Each pile of dirt is an unexcavated ruin
Southeast corner of the Soltankala, Merv
Southeast corner of the Soltankala, Merv
The oldest of Merv's 4 ancient walled cities - the Erk Kala seen from within the 2nd city, the Giaur Kala (Gäwürgala)
The oldest of Merv's 4 ancient walled cities - the Erk Kala seen from within the 2nd city, the Giaur Kala (Gäwürgala)
The Erk Kala was founded by the Achaemenids in the 6th C. BC
The Erk Kala was founded by the Achaemenids in the 6th C. BC
Alexander the Great renamed it after himself, Alexandria Margiana
Alexander the Great renamed it after himself, Alexandria Margiana
The massive walls of the Erk Kala were over 25m tall
The massive walls of the Erk Kala were over 25m tall
An interesting bush at Merv which changes color with the seasons
An interesting bush at Merv which changes color with the seasons
Erk Kala, the Citadel, 6th C. BC
Erk Kala, the Citadel, 6th C. BC
Path leading up the worn out walls of the Erk Kala
Path leading up the worn out walls of the Erk Kala
The Sassanians built their larger ancient city, the Giaur Kala, to the south of the Erk Kala in the 3rd C. BC - little remains
The Sassanians built their larger ancient city, the Giaur Kala, to the south of the Erk Kala in the 3rd C. BC - little remains
Panoramic view of the Erk Kala from the southern wall
Panoramic view of the Erk Kala from the southern wall
If you look close, you can make out some ancient bricks that have not yet melted away to mud
If you look close, you can make out some ancient bricks that have not yet melted away to mud
The Citadel Erk Kala was in use through the early Islamic period
The Citadel Erk Kala was in use through the early Islamic period
Ruins of a large building in the Giaur Kala
Ruins of a large building in the Giaur Kala
The Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar in the center of the Soltankala to the west of the Erk Kala and Giaur Kala
The Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar in the center of the Soltankala to the west of the Erk Kala and Giaur Kala
The large mound in the center of the Erk Kala - the remains of the ancient palace
The large mound in the center of the Erk Kala - the remains of the ancient palace
Remains of one of the large towers of the Erk Kala
Remains of one of the large towers of the Erk Kala
Tower of the Erk Kala
Tower of the Erk Kala
Excavations of the gate to the second ancient city, the Hellenistic Giaur Kala
Excavations of the gate to the second ancient city, the Hellenistic Giaur Kala
It's difficult to believe there was once a huge city here - Giaur Kala
It's difficult to believe there was once a huge city here - Giaur Kala
Remains of ancient bricks at an excavation site inside the Giaur Kala
Remains of ancient bricks at an excavation site inside the Giaur Kala
Excavations of a 7th C. mosque in the Giaur Kala
Excavations of a 7th C. mosque in the Giaur Kala
Water cistern near the Giaur Kala's 7th C. mosque
Water cistern near the Giaur Kala's 7th C. mosque
Water cistern near the Giaur Kala's 7th C. mosque
Water cistern near the Giaur Kala's 7th C. mosque
Excavated cistern, Giaur Kala, Merv
Excavated cistern, Giaur Kala, Merv
The modern Mosque of Yusuf Hamadani, an important pilgrimage site with the tomb of a 12th C. holy man
The modern Mosque of Yusuf Hamadani, an important pilgrimage site with the tomb of a 12th C. holy man
Northern wall of the Sultan Qala, the largest of Merv's ancient walled cities
Northern wall of the Sultan Qala, the largest of Merv's ancient walled cities
The Sultan Qala was founded by Abu Muslim al-Khorasani in the 8th Century
The Sultan Qala was founded by Abu Muslim al-Khorasani in the 8th Century
...had to talk the guide into stopping...he was in a rush
...had to talk the guide into stopping...he was in a rush
Worn staircase
Worn staircase
The main road passing through the Sultan Qala
The main road passing through the Sultan Qala
Shahryar Ark (Sovereign's Citadel) in the northeast corner of the Sultan Qala
Shahryar Ark (Sovereign's Citadel) in the northeast corner of the Sultan Qala
The Seljuk palace (11th C.) is in the northeast corner of the Sultan Qala
The Seljuk palace (11th C.) is in the northeast corner of the Sultan Qala
Shahryar Ark, Ancient Merv
Shahryar Ark, Ancient Merv
Shahryar Ark - Soltangala
Shahryar Ark - Soltangala
Pinnacle-like ruin in the center of the Shahryar Ark
Pinnacle-like ruin in the center of the Shahryar Ark
Merv was at its largest under the Seljuks with perhaps 200,000 inhabitants, the largest city in the world in 1150 AD
Merv was at its largest under the Seljuks with perhaps 200,000 inhabitants, the largest city in the world in 1150 AD
Kepderihana or Kaftar Khana (pigeon house) - one of the more substantial ruins in the Shahryar Ark
Kepderihana or Kaftar Khana ("pigeon house") - one of the more substantial ruins in the Shahryar Ark
The Kepderihana may have actually used for pigeons
The Kepderihana may have actually used for pigeons
Others believe the Kepderihana was a library or treasury due to its location next to the palace
Others believe the Kepderihana was a library or treasury due to its location next to the palace
Eastern entrance to the Kepderihana
Eastern entrance to the Kepderihana
Interior of the Kepderihana in the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Interior of the Kepderihana in the Shahryar Ark, Merv
The Kepderihana also preserves Merv's unique corrugated wall architecture
The Kepderihana also preserves Merv's unique corrugated wall architecture
Kepderihana in the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Kepderihana in the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Remains of another mudbrick structure inside the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Remains of another mudbrick structure inside the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Little remains of the Seljuk palace in the Shahryar Ark of Sultan Qala, Merv
Little remains of the Seljuk palace in the Shahryar Ark of Sultan Qala, Merv
A building in the Shahryar Ark with ornate vertical brickwork
A building in the Shahryar Ark with ornate vertical brickwork
Shahryar Ark, Merv
Shahryar Ark, Merv
Remains of a gate to the Sultan's Palace, Shahryar Ark
Remains of a gate to the Sultan's Palace, Shahryar Ark
Shahryar Ark, Merv
Shahryar Ark, Merv
Shahryar Ark, Merv
Shahryar Ark, Merv
Panoramic view of the ruins of the Shahryar Ark in the northeast corner of the Sultan Qala
Panoramic view of the ruins of the Shahryar Ark in the northeast corner of the Sultan Qala
Southern wall of the Kepderihana, Merv
Southern wall of the Kepderihana, Merv
Kepderihana - Shahryar Ark, Merv
Kepderihana - Shahryar Ark, Merv
Dirt road within the Shahryar Ark
Dirt road within the Shahryar Ark
The road to the main portion of the Sultan Qala
The road to the main portion of the Sultan Qala
Remains of a tower of the Shahryar Ark
Remains of a tower of the Shahryar Ark
Shahryar Ark with the Mosque of Yusuf Hamadani
Shahryar Ark with the Mosque of Yusuf Hamadani
Walls of the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Walls of the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Walls of the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Walls of the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Walls of the Shahryar Ark, Merv
Walls of the Shahryar Ark, Merv
...don't remember what the guide called this bush...
...don't remember what the guide called this bush...
At the center of the Sultan Qala the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
At the center of the Sultan Qala the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
12th Century Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar was spared by the Mongols in the tradition of leaving the tallest monument standing
12th Century Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar was spared by the Mongols in the tradition of leaving the tallest monument standing
The Seljuk Sultan Sanjar ruled Merv at its peak from 1118-1153
The Seljuk Sultan Sanjar ruled Merv at its peak from 1118-1153
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar (1086-1157)
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar (1086-1157)
The interior dome of the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
The interior dome of the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Some of the original artwork of the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Some of the original artwork of the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
The tomb Sultan Sanjar who died in 1157 after losing his empire in 1153 to the Turkomen (Oghuz Turks)
The tomb Sultan Sanjar who died in 1157 after losing his empire in 1153 to the Turkomen (Oghuz Turks)
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, Merv
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, Merv
The dome gives the mausoleum amazing acoustics
The dome gives the mausoleum amazing acoustics
The dome of the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
The dome of the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Original decoration - Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Original decoration - Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Latticed window, Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Latticed window, Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Well outside the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Well outside the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
In 1890 the mausoleum was a picturesque ruin
In 1890 the mausoleum was a picturesque ruin
In my opinion, the restoration was excessive...
In my opinion, the restoration was excessive...
Heavily restored Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Heavily restored Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
The restoration, however, did not replace the tile work that would have covered the dome
The restoration, however, did not replace the tile work that would have covered the dome
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
The Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar stands alone in the center of the Sultan Qala, the largest of Merv's ancient cities
The Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar stands alone in the center of the Sultan Qala, the largest of Merv's ancient cities
A mosque used to stand next to the tomb
A mosque used to stand next to the tomb
The large square building is 27m per side and the dome is 18m in diameter
The large square building is 27m per side and the dome is 18m in diameter
The dome was restored in 1911 and the rest of the mausoleum in the 1990's with the aid of Turkey
The dome was restored in 1911 and the rest of the mausoleum in the 1990's with the aid of Turkey
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, Merv
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, Merv
The Mongol conquest of Merv was one of the bloodiest single actions in human history - only 400 artisans were spared
The Mongol conquest of Merv was one of the bloodiest single actions in human history - only 400 artisans were spared
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar
Soltan Sanjar yň kümmeti (XII asyr)
Soltan Sanjar yň kümmeti (XII asyr)
The last stop - the 12th C. Mausoleum of Muhammed ibn Zayed
The last stop - the 12th C. Mausoleum of Muhammed ibn Zayed
The Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed, also heavily restored
The Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed, also heavily restored
Ruins next to the Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Ruins next to the Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Sacred saxaul tree with cloth prayer strips
Sacred saxaul tree with cloth prayer strips
Mihrab of the Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mihrab of the Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Tombstone - Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Tombstone - Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Tombstone - Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Tombstone - Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Calligraphy and ornate brickwork, Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Calligraphy and ornate brickwork, Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Dome of Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed, Merv
Dome of Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed, Merv
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Decorate brickwork, Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Decorate brickwork, Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Brick dome, Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed, Merv
Brick dome, Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed, Merv
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Cistern or icehouse next to the Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Cistern or icehouse next to the Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
UZTM11 3341.jpg
UZTM11 3341.jpg
The Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed is an important Sufi pilgrimage site
The Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed is an important Sufi pilgrimage site
Ruins to the west of the Sultan Kala, Merv
Ruins to the west of the Sultan Kala, Merv
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Walls of the Sultan Qala from Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Walls of the Sultan Qala from Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
Mausoleum of Mohammed ibn Zayed
European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster), Merv, Turkmenistan
European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster), Merv, Turkmenistan
Walls of Merv's 5th walled cits - Bairam Ali Khan Kala, built in the 18th C. near the modern town
Walls of Merv's 5th walled cits - Bairam Ali Khan Kala, built in the 18th C. near the modern town
Billboard with the World Heritage of Turkmenistan
Billboard with the World Heritage of Turkmenistan
Marysyıahat
Marysyıahat
Modern house near the ruins of Ancient Merv
Modern house near the ruins of Ancient Merv
Downtown Merv
Downtown Merv
The Turkmenistan Railway passing through Merv
The Turkmenistan Railway passing through Merv
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